Toyota 2AZ-FE

Toyota 2AZ-FEThe Toyota 2AZ-FE is a 2.4 l (2,362 cc, 144.14 cu-in) straight-four 4-stroke natural aspirated gasoline engine from Toyota AZ-family. This engine was manufactured by Toyota Motor Company from 2000 on Kamigo Plant, Shimoyama Plant and Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky, Inc.

The Toyota 2AZ-FE features a lightweight aluminum block with thin cast-iron cylinder liners and 16-valve DOHC aluminum head with four valves per cylinder (two intakes and two exhaust).

The 2AZ-FE engine is equipped with ETCS-i (Electronic Throttle Control System-intelligent), VVT-i (Variable Valve Timing with intelligence) on the intake camshaft, Sequential MPFI fuel injection system, DIS (Direct Ignition System) with one ignition coil for each spark plug. The 2AZ-FE engine is also equipped with “Electronic Spark Advance” (ESA) system, which selected optimal ignition timing in accordance with inputs from sensors.

Cylinder bore and piston stroke are 88.5 mm (3.48 in) and 96.0 mm (3.78 in), respectively. Compression ratio rating is 9.6:1, later version has 9.8:1.

The engine produces from 147 PS (108 kW; 145 HP) at 6,000 rpm to 170 PS (125 kW; 168 HP) at 6,000 rpm of maximum horsepower and from 187 Nm (19.1 kg·m; 138.0 ft·lb) at 4,400 rpm to 224 Nm (22.9 kg·m; 165.3 ft·lb) at 4,000 rpm of peak torque.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • 2 – 2-nd generation engine
  • AZ – Engine family
  • F – Economy narrow-angle DOHC
  • E – Multi Point Fuel Injection

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine code2AZ-FE
LayoutFour stroke, Inline-4 (Straight-4)
Fuel typeGasoline (petrol)
Displacement2.4 L, 2,362 cm2 (144.14 cu-in)
Fuel systemSequential MPFI
Power adderNone
Power output From 147 PS (108 kW; 145 HP) at 6,000 rpm
to 170 PS (125 kW; 168 HP) at 6,000 rpm
Torque output From 187 Nm (19.1 kg·m; 138.0 ft·lb) at 4,400 rpm
to 224 Nm (22.9 kg·m; 165.3 ft·lb) at 4,000 rpm
Firing order1-3-4-2
Dimensions (L x W x H):
Weight M/T: 127 kg (280 lb)
A/T: 121 kg (267 lb)

Cylinder block

The 2AZ-FE has an open-deck lightweight aluminum alloy cylinder block with cast-iron liners and a die-cast aluminum crankcase. The liner is thin so that boring is not possible. The forged steel crankshaft has eight counterweights and supported by five main bearings. The crankshaft is made of forged steel and balance shaft drive gear is installed onto the crankshaft. The Toyota 2AZ-FE is equipped with two balance shafts.

The piston is made of aluminum alloy and skirt area is made compact and lightweight. The connecting rods and caps are made of high strength steel for weight reduction. Nutless-type plastic region tightening bolts of the connecting rod are used. The engine used pistons with two compression and single oil ring. The cylinder bore is 88.5 mm (3.48 in and the piston stroke is 96.0 mm (3.78 in). Compression ratio rating is 9.6:1 or 9.8:1.

Cylinder block
Cylinder block alloyAluminium
Compression ratio:9.6:1 or 9.8:1
Cylinder bore:88.5 mm (3.48 in)
Piston stroke:96.0 mm (3.78 in)
Number of piston rings (compression / oil):2 / 1
Number of main bearings:5
Cylinder inner diameter (standard):88.500-88.513 mm (3.4842-3.3848 in)
Piston skirt diameter (standard):88.439-88.449 mm (3.4818-3.4822 in)
Piston pin outer diameter:21.997-22.009 mm (0.8660-0.8665 in)
Piston ring side clearance:Top0.030-0.080 mm (0.0012-0.0031 in)
Second0.020-0.060 mm (0.0008-0.0024 in)
Oil0.020-0.070 mm (0.0008-0.0028 in.)
Piston ring end gap:Top0.22-0.32 mm (0.0087-0.0126 in.)
Second0.50-0.60 mm (0.0197-0.0236 in.)
Oil0.10-0.35 mm (0.0039-0.0138 in.)
Crankshaft main journal diameter:54.998-55.000 mm (2.1652-2.1653 in)
Crankpin diameter:47.990-48.000 mm (1.8894-1.8898 in)

Main bearing cap bolts tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • Step 1: 20 Nm; 2.0 kg·m; 15 ft·lb
  • Step 2: 40 Nm; 4.0 kg·m; 29 ft·lb

After securing bearing cap bolts, make sure crankshaft turns smoothly by hand.

Connecting rod bearing bolts

  • Step 1: 25 Nm; 2.5 kg·m; 18 ft·lb
  • Step 2: Turn bolts 90°

Cylinder head

The cylinder head is made of strong, light aluminum alloy which gives it good cooling efficiency. Each camshaft is supported by five bearings. The dual overhead camshafts are driven by a roller chain. The timing chain is lubricated by an oil jet. Each cylinder is equipped with 2 intake valves and 2 exhaust valves. Valve diameters are 34.0 mm (1.3 in) for intake and 29.5 mm (1.2 in) for exhaust. The shimless type valve lifter is used.

The engine is equipped with lightweight magnesium alloy diecast cylinder head cover. The cylinder head cover gasket and the spark plug gasket is integrated to reduce the number of parts. A steel-laminate type cylinder head gasket is used.

For the pre-2006 2AZ-FE engine, intake duration was 236 degrees and exhaust duration was 228 degrees. For the upgraded version of the 2AZ-FE engine that was introduced in after 2006, intake duration was 248 degrees and exhaust duration was 228 degrees.

The 2AZ-FE engine used electronically controlled sequential fuel injection system with 12-hole injector nozzles that are mounted in the inlet ports.

Cylinder head
Valve Arrangement:DOHC, chain drive
Valves:16 (4 valves per cylinder)
Valve head diameter:INTAKE34.0 mm (1.3385 in)
EXHAUST29.5 mm (1.1614 in)
Valve length:INTAKE101.71 mm (4.004 in)
EXHAUST101.21 mm (3.984 in)
Valve stem diameter:INTAKE5.470-5.485 mm (0.2153-0.2159 in)
EXHAUST5.465-5.480 mm (0.151 – 0.2157 in)
Valve spring free length:45.7 mm (1.7990 in)
Outer camshaft journal diameter:№135.971-35.985 mm (1.4162-1.4167 in)
№2, 3, 4, 522.959-22.975 mm (0.9039-0.9045 in)

Head tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • Step 1: 79 Nm; 8.0 kg·m; 58 ft·lb
  • Step 2: Turn all bolts 90°

Camshaft bearing cap bolts

  • № 1:30 Nm; 3.0 kg·m; 22 ft·lb
  • Other:9 Nm; 0.9 kg·m; 6.4 ft·lb

Maintenance data

Valve clearance (HOT)
Intake valve0.19-0.29 mm (0.007-0.011 in)
Exhaust valve0.30-0.40 mm (0.012-0.016 in)
Compression pressure
Standard13.0 kg/m2 / 200 rpm
Minimun11.0 kg/m2 / 200 rpm
Compression differential limit between cylinders1.0 kg/m2 / 200 rpm
Oil system
Oil consumption , L/1000 km (qt. per miles)up to 0.5 (1 qt. per 1200 miles)
Recommended engine oil 5W-20, 5W-30, 10W-30
Oil type APISJ
Engine oil capacity (Refill capacity) With filter change: 3.8 liters (4.0 US qts, 3.3 Imp. qts)
Without filter change: 3.6 liters (3.8 US qts, 3.2 Imp. qts)
Oil change interval, km (miles)10,000 (6,000)
Oil Pressure, kPa (bar, kg/cm 2, psi) Idle speed: More than 60 (0.6, 0.61, 9)
2,000 rpm: More than 270 (2.7, 2.8, 39)
Ignition system
Spark plugDENSO: SK20R11 NGK: IFR6A11
Spark plug gap1.1 mm (0.043 in)

Valve clearance adjustment data

Calculate the thickness of new adjusting valve lifter so valve clearance comes within specified values.

R = Thickness of removed valve lifter
N = Thickness of new valve lifter
M = Measured valve clearance

N = R + [M – 0.24 mm (0.009 in)]
N = R + [M – 0.35 mm (0.014 in)]

Valve lifters are available in 35 sizes to range from 5.06 mm (0.1992 in) to 5.74 mm (0.2260 in), in steps of 0.02 mm (0.0008 in).

Example (intake valve):
R = 5.12 mm
M = 0.45 mm
N = 5.12 + (0.45 – 0.35) = 5.22 mm, so we need a valve lifter 5.22 mm (0.2055 in).

Vehicle applications

ModelYears Produced
Toyota Camry2002–2009
Toyota Matrix S/XR/XRS2009–2011
Pontiac Vibe2009–2010
Toyota Corolla XRS2009–2010
Toyota Camry Solara2002–2008
Toyota RAV42004–2008
Toyota Highlander2001–2007
Toyota Kluger2001–2007
Toyota Harrier2001–2007
Toyota Estima
Toyota Ipsum
Toyota Previa
Toyota Tarago
Toyota Alphard
Toyota Blade
Toyota Avensis
Scion tC2005–2010
Scion xB2008–2015
Toyota MarkX Zio2007-2013
Author: Sergei Wers
About: Co-founder and CEO of a multi-brand auto repair shop (engine repair, chassis repair, body repair and painting) for over 15 years. I have been developing internet sites with technical specifications for more than seven years.

ATTENTION! Dear visitors, this site is not a trading platform, an official dealer or a spare parts supplier, so we do not have any price lists or spare parts catalogs. We are an information portal and provide the technical specifications of gasoline and diesel engines.

We try to use verified sources and official documentation, however, differences between sources or errors in entering information may occur. We do not provide advice on technical issues related to the engines operation or repair. We do not recommend using provided information for engines repairing engines or spare parts ordering, use only official service manuals and spare-parts catalogs.


    • Every reference I check says yes, add 90 degrees on the main bearing cap bolts after you first hit the 29 ft-lbs. spec.

      Same for the cylinder head bolts after you first hit the 58 ft-lbs. spec.

  1. Can 2AZ-FE engine coupled with Toyota Camry 2004 be used for Toyota Camry 2007. Somebody sold 2004 Toyota Camry 2AZ engine for me to use it for Toyota 2007 Camry that I drive because my 2007 2AZ engine was faulty. Will it perform well?

    • I worked on two of these engines after over heating and head gasket change out I installed the head. However before reaching the initial torque head bolts strip of block internal thread.
      How do I repair block’s internal thread ?
      What’s gonna be the new torque specification ?

      • I am in the middle of this exact repair. My 2002 Camry 2.4L head gasket blew. This is typically due to overheating, which pulls/strips the middle three head bolts on the intake manifold side. Those three bolts were loose on disassembly. The best solution is to purchase a Time-Sert 2200 kit, which is $480. This kit drills out the holes, retaps them for the inserts, and then inserts (provided with the kit) are inserted, reportedly resulting in a stronger solution than the original. I plan to sell my Time-Sert kit after I’m done. Inserts are $4 each X 10. Resurface the head before reinstalling ($136 for cleaning, leak testing, and surfacing for me).


      • yo tengo matrix 2009 xrs 2.4, y no consigo header con sus especificaciones , de Scion Tc y Xb aparecen , creen que le sirvan igual ?

    • Yes, it should be exactly the same as your old 2AZ-FE engine (and it might use less oil than the 2007 engine did).

    • Yes. In fact, when Toyota did the special service program because some (only some) 2AZ-FE engines consumed more than 1 qt. of oil in 1,200 miles, as part of that program they provided a new oil cap which read: 0W-20w — and, yes, it should be fully synthetic. Without making a big deal of it, around 2007 or so, Toyota went to using full synthetic oil in all cars coming out of all the factories with 4 and 6 cyclinder engines. I run Pennzoil full synth 0w-20w in my 2009 Camry 2AZ-FE in the high Florida heat and it runs/performs better/faster then it did with 5w-30. Seems counter-intuitive, but the low-tension piston rings in the 2AZ-FE have such tight clearances that the “thinner” oil works better (less sludge builds up in the oil ring’s tiny ports.

  2. Can I use Toyota 2AZ-FE (2.4DOHC VVT-I ) engine for a 1NR Toyota Corolla Professional? I am in South Africa.

  3. Hi
    We have a Toyota Previa 2,4 and the motor got totally burned,(Fahrgestellnr JTE GDE 2M4 0701 0103).
    I cannot find the right motor which actually has to be 2AZSE. Instead I found Toyota 2AZ-FE. would this motor also be ok?
    Thank you for your reply

    • 2AZ-FE uses internal timing Chain with variable timing (VVT-i). The belt is only for running the alternator, water pump, air conditioning, etc.

    • New engine prices vary dramatically, you have to shop around. For a USED 2AZ-FE with a limited warranty and anywhere between 50,000 to 150,000 miles already on it, you can find them for $700 to $1000 (ebay is a good place to look). But a new one? Very hard to find, since the 2AZ-FE was discontinued in 2015. But if you can find one expect it to be at least $4,000 or more. I would start my asking my local Toyota dealership. They also sell “rebuilt” engines in the $2000+ range, but you have to be careful and do your research, since many “rebuilds” aren’t much better than a used engine, although it might come with a 1 year warranty.

  4. My toyota harrier model CBA-ACU30W engine 2AZ-FE requires power steering fluid flush. What is the recommended fluid.

    • This is one of those cases where the only safe thing to do is go to the Toyota dealership and pay the high price for official Toyota-brand power steering fluid. Sad, but true. You can use regular DOT 3 brake fluid in a Toyota, but the power steering system absolutely requires the Toyota brand.

  5. I also go with the rest, this site is just too good with the tech support.
    I have an Alphard 2005 model. I fear it may blow up but I use 5w-30 oil.
    God bless all.

  6. plant très détaillé nous permet encore de mieux apprécier ce produit Toyota par rapport aux autres concepteur qui sont très cachotier .

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