Toyota 3C-T

Toyota 3C-E diesel engine specifications: layout, displacement, horsepower and torque, compression ratio, bore and stroke, oil capacity and type, service dataThe Toyota 3C-T is a 2.2 L (2,184 cc, 133.3 cu·in) four-cylinders, four-stroke cycle water-cooled turbocharged internal combustion diesel engine, from the Toyota C-family, manufactured by the Toyota Motor Corporation from 1992 to 2001.

The 3C-T diesel engine has a cast-iron cylinder block with 86.0 mm (3.39 in) cylinder bores and a 94.0 mm (3.7 in) piston stroke. The compression ratio rating is 22.0:1 or 22.6:1.

The Toyota 3C-T engine has an aluminum cylinder head with a belt-driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC) and 2 valves per cylinder (8 in total).

The Toyota 3C-T engine produced from 88.0 PS (65.0 kW; 87.0 HP) at 4,000 rpm to 91.0 PS (67.0 kW; 90.0 HP) at 4,000 rpm of maximum output power and from 188.0 N·m (19.2 kg·m, 138.6 ft·lb) at 1,800 rpm of peak torque.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • 3 – 3-rd generation engine
  • C – Engine family
  • T – Turbocharged

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine code3C-T
LayoutStraight-4, vertical
Fuel typeDiesel
Displacement2.2 L, 2,184 cc (133.3 cu in)
InjectionMechanical pump
Power adderTurbocharger
Horsepower net From 88.0 PS (65.0 kW; 87.0 HP) at 4,000 rpm
to 91.0 PS (67.0 kW; 90.0 HP) at 4,000 rpm
Torque output From 188.0 N·m (19.2 kg·m, 138.6 ft·lb) at 1,800 rpm
to 216.0 N·m (22 kg·m, 159.2 ft·lb) at 2,600 rpm
Firing order1-3-4-2
Dimensions (L x H x W):

Cylinder block

The cylinder block is made of cast iron. The crankshaft has 8 counterbalance weights and supported by 5 bearings. An 86.0 mm (3.39 in) cylinder bore and 94.0 mm (3.7 in) piston stroke give the 3C engine a total of 2,184 cc of displacement. The compression ratio rating is 22.0:1 or 22.6:1.

Pistons are made of high temperature-resistant aluminum alloy. The piston pin is full floating. Each piston is fitted with two compression rings and a single oil ring. The top ring is made of stainless steel, the second ring is made of cast-iron.

Cylinder block
Cylinder block alloyCast-iron
Compression ratio:22.0:1 or 22.6:1
Cylinder bore:86.0 mm (3.39 in)
Piston stroke:94.0 mm (3.7 in)
Number of piston rings (compression / oil):2/1
Number of main bearings:5
Cylinder bore inner diameter:86.000-86.001 mm (3.3858-3.3859 in)
Piston skirt diameter85.940-85.950 mm (3.3835-3.3839 in)
Piston ring side clearance:Top0.062-0.111 mm (0.0024-0.0044 in)
Second0.070-0.110 mm (0.0028-0.0043 in)
Oil0.030-0.070 mm (0.0012-0.0028 in)
Piston ring end gap:Top Toyota: 0.270-0.370 mm (0.0106-0.0146 in)
Riken: 0.300-0.400 mm (0.0118-0.0157 in)
Second Toyota: 0.340-0.470 mm (0.0134-0.0185 in)
Riken: 0.400-0.500 mm (0.0157-0.0197 in)
Oil Toyota: 0.200-0.400 mm (0.0079-0.0157 in)
Riken: 0.250-0.450 mm (0.0098-0.0177 in)
Piston pin outer diameter27.000-27.012 mm (1.063-1.0635 in))
Crankshaft main journal diameter:56.985-57.000 mm (2.2435-2.2441 in)
Crankpin diameter:50.482-50.500 mm (1.9877-1.9882 in)

Cylinder head

Cylinder head
Cylinder head alloyAluminium
Valve Arrangement:SOHC, belt driven
Valves:8 (2 valves per cylinder)
Intake valves diameter:
Exhaust valves diameter:
Intake valves length:105.70 mm (4.1614 in)
Exhaust valves length:105.35 mm (4.1476 in)
Intake valve stem diameter:7.975-7.990 mm (0.314-0.3146 in)
Exhaust valves stem diameter:7.960-7.975 mm (0.3134-0.314 in)
Valve spring free length:47.5 mm (1.8701 in)
Camshaft journal diameter:27.979-27.995 mm (1.1015-1.1022 in)
Camshaft lobe height (intake):47.40 mm (1.8661 in)
Camshaft lobe height (exhaust):48.35 mm (1.9035 in)

Head tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • Step 1: 44 Nm; 4.5 kg·m; 33 ft·lb
  • Step 2: Turn all bolts 90°
  • Step 3: Turn all bolts another 90°

Maintenance data

Valve clearance *
Intake valve0.20-0.30 mm (0.0079-0.0118 in)
Exhaust valve0.25-0.35 mm (0.0098-0.0138 in)
Compression pressure
Standard30.0 bar / 250 rpm
Minimun25.0 bar / 250 rpm
Compression differential limit between cylinders5.0 bar / 250 rpm
Oil system
Oil type:API: CE or CF
Recommended oil:SAE 5W-30, 10W-30, 15W-40
Engine oil capacity With oil filter change: 5.1 L (5.39 US. qt, 4.49 Imp. qt.)
Oil change interval:10,000 km (6,000 miles)

* – Valve lifters are available in 25 sizes to range from 2.20 mm (0.0866 in) to 3.40 mm (0.1338 in), in steps of 0.05 mm (0.0020 in).

Vehicle applications

ModelYears Produced
Toyota Camry (CV40/43)1994-1998
Toyota Estima (CXR10/11/20/21)1992-1993
Toyota LiteAce / TownAce (CR22/29/31/38)1993-1996
Toyota LiteAce Noah / TownAce Noah (CR40/50)1996-2001
Toyota Vista (CV40/43) 1994-1998
Author: Sergei Wers
About: Co-founder and CEO of a multi-brand auto repair shop (engine repair, chassis repair, body repair and painting) for over 15 years. I have been developing internet sites with technical specifications for more than seven years.

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  1. I recently overhauled a 3CT diesel engine (townace 1995 model). When i started the engine there was pressure build up and bubbles coming from radiator. What can be the problem?

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