Nissan TD27Ti

Nissan TD27Ti diesel engineThe Nissan TD27Ti is a 2.7 l (2,663 cc, 162.5 inline-four, water-cooled diesel engine with turbocharger and intercooler from Nissan TD family.

The Nissan TD27Ti compression ratio rating is 21.9:1. The cylinder bore is 96.0 mm (3.8 in) and the piston stroke is 92.0 mm (3.6 in). The TD27Ti engine was equipped with electronic fuel injection pump and EGR system.

The engine produced 125 PS (92 kW, 123 HP) of horsepower at 4,300 rpm and 242 Nm (24.7 kg⋅m, 179 lb⋅ft) of torque at 2,400 rpm.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • TD – Engine Family
  • 27 – 2.7 Liter Displacement
  • T – Turbocharger
  • i – Intercooler

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine code TD27Ti
Layout Straight-4, vertical
Fuel type Diesel
Displacement 2.7L, 2,663 cc (162.5 cu in)
Injection pump Electronic fuel injection pump
Power adder Turbocharger with intercooler
Max. Horsepower 125 PS (92 kW, 123 HP) at 4,300 rpm
Torque output 242 Nm (24.7 kg⋅m, 179 lb⋅ft) at 2,400 rpm
Firing order 1-3-4-2
Dimensions (L x H x W):

Cylinder block

The cylinder block has a monoblock high-strength cast-iron structure with replaceable liners and five-bearing-support system. The TD27Ti engine has a drop-forged steel crankshaft, all main and connecting rod bearing surfaces are induction-hardened.

The Nissan TD27Ti motor has an aluminum alloy piston for high strength, lightweight and good heat conductivity; two compression and single oil control ring. The cylinder bore is 96 mm, piston stroke is 92 mm and the compression ratio rating is 21.9:1.

Cylinder block
Cylinder block alloy Cast iron
Compression ratio: 21.9:1
Cylinder bore: 96.0 mm (3.8 in)
Piston stroke: 92.0 mm (3.62 in)
Number of piston rings (compression / oil): 2 / 1
Number of main bearings: 5
Block Height: 549.5-550.5 mm (21.6-21.7 in)
Cylinder liner inner diameter: 96.000-96.010 mm (3.7795-3.7799 in)
Piston skirt diameter 95.890-95.900 mm (3.7752-3.7756 in)
Piston ring side clearance: Top 0.00-0.05 mm (0.0-0.0020 in)
Second 0.04-0.072 mm (0.0016-0.0028 in)
Oil 0.035-0.040 mm (0.0014-0.0016 in)
Piston ring end gap: Top 0.25-0.35 mm (0.0098-0.0140 in)
Second 0.50-0.75 mm (0.0197-0.0295 in)
Oil 0.25-0.55 mm (0.0098-0.0217 in)
Piston pin outer diameter 29.993-30.000 mm (1.1808-1.1811 in)
Piston pin hole diameter 29.992-30.000 mm (1.1808-1.1811 in)
Connecting rod center distance: 156.975-157.025 mm (6.1801-6.1821 in)
Crankshaft journal diameter: 70.907-70.920 mm (2.7916-2.7921 in)
Crankpin diameter: 56.913-56.926 mm (2.2407-2.2412 in)
Crankshaft center distance: 46.00 mm (1.8110 in)

Main bearing cap bolts tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • 167-177 Nm; 17.0-18.0 kg·m; 123-130 ft·lb

After securing bearing cap bolts, make sure crankshaft turns smoothly by hand.

Connecting rod bearing nut

  • 74-78 Nm; 7.5-8.0 kg·m; 55-57 ft·lb

Crankshaft pulley

  • 294-324 Nm; 30-33 kg·m; 217-239 ft·lb

Flywheel (M/T) or Drive plate (A/T) fixing bolts

  • 83-93 Nm; 8.5-9.5 kg·m; 61-69 ft·lb

Cylinder head

The engine has OHV design with rocker shaft, rocker arms and two valves per cylinder. Intake valves are 42.5 mm in diameter, and the exhaust valves are 37 mm.

Cylinder head
Cylinder head alloy Cast iron
Valve Arrangement: OHV
Valves: 8 (2 valves per cylinder)
Intake valves diameter: 42.5 mm (1.67 in)
Exhaust valves diameter: 37.0 mm (1.5 in)
Valves length: 117.0 mm (4.61 in)
Intake valve stem diameter: 7.965-7.980 mm (0.3136-0.3142 in)
Exhaust valves stem diameter: 7.945-7.960 mm (0.3128-0.3134 in)
Rocker shaft outer diameter 19.979-20.000 mm (0.7866-0.7874 in)
Rocker arm inner diameter 20.014-20.035 mm (0.7880-0.7888 in)
Camshaft journal diameter: Front: 50.721-50.740 mm (1.9969-1.9976 in)
2nd: 50.521-50.540 mm (1.9890-1.9898 in)
3nd: 50.321-50.340 mm (1.9811-1.9819 in)
4nd: 50.121-50.140 mm (1.9733-1.9740 in)
Rear: 49.921-49.940 mm (1.9654-1.9661 in)
Cam height: INTAKE 41.570 mm (1.6366 in)
Second 41.900 mm (1.6496 in)

Head tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • Step 1: 39-44 Nm; 4.0-4.5 kg·m; 29-33 ft·lb
  • Step 2: 34-59 kg·m; 5.5-6.0 kg·m; 40-43 ft·lb
  • Step 3: Turn all bolts 90-95°

Camshaft gear bolt

  • 44-49 Nm; 4.5-5.0 kg·m; 33-36 ft·lb

Problems and malfunctions

The TD family of Nissan diesel engines are very reliable, strong, and ask for little in the way of maintenance. But this generation of engines requires high-quality service.

Maintenance data

Valve clearance (HOT)
Intake valve 0.35 mm (0.014 in)
Exhaust valve 0.35 mm (0.014 in)
Compression pressure
Standard 30.0 kg/cm2 (29.4 bar, 427 psi) / 200 rpm
Minimun 25.0 kg/cm2 (24.5 bar, 356 psi) / 200 rpm
Compression differential limit between cylinders 3.0 kg/cm2 (2.9 bar, 43 psi) / 200 rpm
Oil system
Recommended engine oil For WARM and COLD areas: 15W-40
For HOT areas: 20W-40, 20W-50
Oil type API CE, ACEA B2-96 (CCMC PD1), D5 level SHPD
Engine oil capacity 6.2 l (5.5 Imp. qt)
Fuel system
Injection nozzle initial injection pressure: Used Nozzle: 12,259-12,749 kPa (122.6-127.5 bar, 125-130 kg/cm2, 1,778-1,849 psi)
New Nozzle: 12,749-13,730 kPa (127.5-137.3 bar, 130-140 kg/cm2, 1,849-1,991 psi)
Idling 700 rpm (withuot power steering)
850 rpm (wiht power steering)

Vehicle applications

Model Years Produced
Nissan Homy E24 1990-1995
Nissan Caravan E24 1990-1995
Nissan Terrano II R20 1996-2008
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  1. Great.thnk you. I have a question though, re rpm. W power steering,850rpm. if auto transmission, what is d required rpm?

  2. What is d rpm required for td27 (nissan caravan 1993 japan) w power steering, auto transmissionwhen aircon off? w aircon on?

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