Shibaura T853A

Shibaura T853AThe Shibaura T853A is a 1,702 cc (103.8 cu·in) straight-three, liquid-cooled, naturally aspirated diesel engine manufactured by Shibaura.

A 85.0 mm (3.35 in) cylinder bore and 100.0 mm (3.94 in) piston stroke give the Shibaura T853A diesel engine a total of 1,429 cc (103.8 cu·in) of displacement. The compression ratio rating is 21.0:1.

This engine is equipped with glow plugs and oil bath type air cleaner.

The Shibaura T853A diesel engine produced 32.5 PS (23.9 KW; 32.0 HP) at 2,500 rpm of gross horsepower and 96.1 Nm (9.8 kg·m; 70.9 lbf·ft) at 2,000 rpm of peak torque.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • T – Engine series
  • 85 – 85.0 mm of cylinder bore
  • 3 – Three cylinders

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine codeT853A
LayoutStraight-3, vertical diesel engine
Fuel typeDiesel fuel No.2-D
Displacement1.7 L, 1,702 cm3 (103.8 cu in)
Max. Horsepower (gross)32.5 PS (23.9 KW; 32.0 HP) at 2,500 rpm
Torque output96.1 Nm (9.8 kg·m; 70.9 lbf·ft) at 2,000 rpm
Injection typeIndirect injection
Cooling systemLiquid-cooled
Fuel systemFuel injection pump
Starting systemElectric starting
Starting support deviceGlow plug in combustion chamber
Power adderNone
Firing order1-2-3

Cylinder block

Cylinder block
Compression ratio:21.0:1
Cylinder bore:85.0 mm (2.35 in)
Piston stroke:100.0 mm (3.94 in)
Number of piston rings (compression / oil):2 / 1

Cylinder head

Cylinder head
Valve Arrangement:
Valves:6 (2 valves per cylinder)
Valve seat angle:INTAKE45°
Valve face angle:INTAKE45°

Tightening torque

Tightening torque specs
Connecting rod caps:78.0-83.0 Nm (8-8.5 kgf·m; 57.6-61.3 ft·lb)
Main bearing holders:71.0-81.0 Nm (7.2-8.3 kgf·m; 52.4-59.8 ft·lb)
Crankshaft rear plate:46.0-54.0 Nm (4.7-5.5 kgf·m; 33.9-39.9 ft·lb)
Crankshaft pulley:49.0-59.0 Nm (5-6 kgf·m; 36.2-43.5 ft·lb)
Flywheel:56.0-69.0 Nm (5.7-7.0 kgf·m; 41.3-50.9 ft·lb)
Cylinder head:95.0 Nm (9.7 kgf·m; 70.1 ft·lb)

Maintenance data

Engine speed
Governed speed Low Idle: 750-850 rpm
High Idle: 2,650-2,700 rpm
Valve clearance
Intake valve0.30 mm (0.012 in)
Exhaust valve0.30 mm (0.012 in)
Injector opening pressure
Standard11,760 kPa (1705 psi)
Injection timing
Standard23.5-24.5° BTDC
Oil system
Recommended engine oilCD or CE
SAE Viscosity NumberSAE 10W-30, 10W-40
Engine oil capacity6.5 liters (6.87 US.qts, 5.72 Imp. qts)
Electrical system
Ground polarity:Negative


The Shibaura T853A engine is used on the following tractors

ModelYears Produced
Ford 19101983-1986
Author: Sergei Wers
About: Co-founder and CEO of a multi-brand auto repair shop (engine repair, chassis repair, body repair and painting) for over 15 years. I have been developing internet sites with technical specifications for more than seven years.

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