Toyota 1ZZ-FE

Toyota 1ZZ-FEThe Toyota 1ZZ-FE is a 1.8 l (1,794 cc) straight-four 4-stroke natural aspirated gasoline engine from Toyota ZZ-family. The 1ZZ-FE engine was built in Buffalo, West Virginia.

The 1ZZ-FE engine features a die-cast aluminum engine block with thin press-fit cast iron cylinder liners and aluminum cylinder head with two overhead camshafts (DOHC) and four valves per cylinder (16 in total). The Toyota 1ZZ-FE engine used Multipoint fuel injection system, VVT-i (Variable Valve Timing with intelligence), 1998-1999 1ZZ-FE engines don’t use the VVT-i system.

The ignition system at type 1997 and 1998 distributorless DIS-2 (one coil for two spark plugs), and all 1ZZ-FE engines since type 2000 was equipped with DIS-4 – with individual ignition coil for each spark plug.

Compression ratio rating is 10.0:1. This motor has a 79.0 mm (3.11 in) cylinder bore and 91.5 mm (3.6 in) piston stroke. The engine produced from 125 PS (92 kW; 123 HP) at 6,000 rpm to 145 PS (107 kW; 143 HP) at 6,400 rpm to of maximum horsepower and from 161 Nm (16.4 kg·m; 118.8 ft·lb) at 4,200 rpm to 171 Nm (17.4 kg·m; 126.2 ft·lb) at 4,200 rpm of peak torque.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • 1 – 1-st generation engine
  • ZZ – Engine family
  • F – Economy narrow-angle DOHC
  • E – Multi-Point Fuel Injection

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine code1ZZ-FE
LayoutFour stroke, Inline-4 (Straight-4)
Fuel typeGasoline (petrol)
Production1998-2007
Displacement1.8 L, 1,794 cm3 (109.48 cu in)
Fuel systemMulti-Point Fuel Injection
Power adderBolt-on TRD supercharger kit is available on the 2003–2004
for Toyota Corolla, Matrix and Pontiac Vibe
Power output 125 PS (92 kW; 123 HP) at 6,000 rpm
130 PS (96 KW; 129 HP) at 6,000 rpm
132 PS (97 KW; 130 HP) at 6,000 rpm
136 PS (100 KW; 134 HP) at 6,000 rpm
140 PS (103 KW; 138 HP) at 6,400 rpm
145 PS (107 kW; 143 HP) at 6,400 rpm
Torque output 161 Nm (16.4 kg·m; 118.8 ft·lb) at 4,200 rpm
171 Nm (17.4 kg·m; 126.2 ft·lb) at 4,200 rpm
Firing order1-3-4-2
Dimensions (L x W x H):
Weight

Cylinder block

The Toyota 1ZZ-FE has an aluminum “open deck” cylinder block with thin-walled cast-iron liners and five bearing support system. The liners are fused into the block and their special rough outer surface promotes strong connection. The Toyota 1ZZ has a 79.0 mm (3.11 in) cylinder bore and 91.5 mm (3.6 in) piston stroke. Compression ratio rating is 10.0:1.

The engine has a massive crankcase combining the crankshaft main bearing caps. A parting line extends along the axis of the crankshaft. Aluminum (light alloy) crankcase is made integrally with fused in steel main bearing caps and increases the rigidity of the cylinder block.

The engine is equipped with aluminum alloy pistons with two compression and single oil control ring. The pistons are connected to the rods with full floating pins. The connecting rod caps are mounted by bolts (without nuts).

Cylinder block
Cylinder block alloyAluminium
Compression ratio:10.0:1
Cylinder bore:79.0 mm (3.11 in)
Piston stroke:91.5 mm (3.60 in)
Number of piston rings (compression / oil):2 / 1
Number of main bearings:5
Cylinder inner diameter (standard):79.000-78.013 mm (3.1102-3.1107 in)
Piston skirt diameter (standard):78.925-78.935 mm (3.1072-3.1076 in)
Piston pin outer diameter: Mark A: 20.004-20.007 mm (0.7875-0.7876 in)
Mark B: 20.008-20.010 mm (0.7877-0.7878 in)
Mark C: 20.011-20.013 mm (0.7878-0.7879 in)
Piston ring side clearance:Top0.020-0.070 mm (0.0008-0.027 in)
Second0.020-0.070 mm (0.0008-0.0028 in)
Oil0.030-0.110 mm (0.0012-0.0043 in)
Piston ring end gap:Top0.25-0.35 mm (0.0098-0.0138 in)
Second0.35-0.50 mm (0.0138-0.0197 in)
Oil0.15-0.40 mm (0.0059-0.0157 in)
Crankshaft journal diameter:47.988-48.000 mm (1.8893-1.8892 in)
Crankpin diameter:43.992-44.000 mm (1.7319-1.7323 in)

Crankcase bolts tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • Step 1: 22 Nm; 2.2 kg·m; 16.2 ft·lb
  • Step 2: 44 Nm; 4.5 kg·m; 32.5 ft·lb
  • Step 3: Turn all bolts 45°
  • Step 4: Turn all bolts another 45°

After securing bearing cap bolts, make sure crankshaft turns smoothly by hand.

Connecting rod bearing bolts

  • Step 1: 20 Nm (2.04 kg·m; 14.76 ft·lb)
  • Step 2: Turn bolts 90°

Cylinder head

The cylinder head is made of aluminum alloy which gives it good cooling efficiency. The engine has dual overhead camshaft design with four valves per cylinder. The engine has a conical type combustion chamber. The camshaft is driven by the single roller chain (pitch 8 mm) with the outer hydraulic tensioner (equipped with a ratchet and preload spring) and lubrication nozzle.

The 1ZZ-FE used Variable Valve Timing with intelligence system (VVT-i) on the intake camshaft. Intake valves are 32.0 mm (1.2598 in) in diameter, and the exhaust valves are 27.5 mm (1.0827 in). The engine did not have hydraulic lifters, so special valve shims were used to adjust the valve clearance.

A bolt-on TRD supercharger kit is available on the 2003–2004 Toyota Corolla, Matrix, and Pontiac Vibe. The bolt-on TRD supercharger kit can also run on other vehicles, but with some custom fabrications.

Cylinder head
Valve Arrangement:DOHC, chain drive
Valves:16 (4 valves per cylinder)
Valve head diameter:INTAKE32.0 mm (1.2598 in)
EXHAUST27.5 mm (1.0827 in)
Valve length:INTAKE88.65 mm (3.4901 in)
EXHAUST88.69 mm (.4917 in)
Valve stem diameter:INTAKE5.470-5.485 mm (0.2153-0.2159 in)
EXHAUST5.465-5.480 mm (0.151-0.2157 in)
Valve spring free length:43.40 mm (1.7086 in)
Camshaft cam height:INTAKE44.333-44.433 mm (1.7454-1.7493 in)
EXHAUST43.761-43.861 mm (1.7229-1.7268 in)
Outer camshaft journal diameter:№134.449-34.465 mm (1.3563-1.3569 in.)
Other journals diameter22.949-22.965 mm (0.9035-0.9041 in.)

Head tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • Step 1: 49 Nm; 5 kg·m; 36.16 ft·lb
  • Step 2: Turn all bolts 90°
  • Step 3: Turn all bolts another 90°

Maintenance data

Valve clearance
Intake valve0.15-0.25 mm (0.006-0.010 in)
Exhaust valve0.25-0.35 mm (0.010-0.014 in)
Compression pressure
Standard13.3 kg/m2 / 200 rpm
Minimun10.2 kg/m2 / 200 rpm
Compression differential limit between cylinders0.6 kg/m2 / 200 rpm
Oil system
Oil consumption , L/1000 km (qt. per miles)up to 0.5 (1 qt. per 1200 miles)
Recommended engine oil5W-30, 10W-30
Oil type APISJ or higher
Engine oil capacity (Refill capacity)3.7 L (3.9 US. qt.)
Oil change interval, km (miles)5,000-10,000 (3,000-6,000)
Oil pressure Idle spped: 0.3 kg/cm3
At 3,000 rpm: 3.0-5.5 kg/cm3
Ignition system
Idle speed650±50 rpm
Ignition timing10-18° B.T.D.C.
Spark plug For DIS-2DENSO: K16TR11
For DIS-4DENSO: K16R-U11 or NGK: BKR5EYA11
Spark plug gap1.1 mm (0.043 in)
Spark plug torque19 Nm (1.9 kg·m; 14.0 ft·lb)

Valve clearance adjustment data

Calculate the thickness of new adjusting valve lifter so valve clearance comes within specified values.

R = Thickness of removed valve lifter
N = Thickness of new valve lifter
M = Measured valve clearance

Intake:
N = R + [M – 0.20 mm (0.008 in)]
Exhaust:
N = R + [M – 0.30 mm (0.012 in)]

Valve lifters are available in 35 sizes to range from 5.06 mm (0.1992 in) to 5.74 mm (0.2259 in), in steps of 0.02 mm (0.0008 in).

Example (intake valve):
R = 5.10 mm
M = 0.52 mm
N = 5.10 + (0.52 – 0.20) = 5.42 mm.

Vehicle applications

ModelYears Produced
Toyota Vista / Vista Aldeo (ZZV 50 / 50G)
Toyota Celica 1800 SS-I (ZZT 230)
Toyota Corolla
Toyota Corolla Fielder
Toyota Corolla Alex
Toyota Corolla Spacio
Toyota Premio / Allion (ZZT 240/244)
Toyota Caldina (ZZT 241 W)
Toyota Opa (ZCT 10)
Toyota WiLL VS (ZZE 127/129)
Toyota Matrix (ZZE 130)
Toyota Volz (ZZE 137/139)
Pontiac Vibe
Toyota Avensis
Toyota MR-S
Toyota Wish
Toyota Isis
Toyota RAV 4
Lotus Elysee S
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4 Comments

  1. What are the torque specs for the water pump for a 2007 Matrix XR 1.8 l [1zze] engine and torque for alternator bolts

    Thanks

  2. my fielder 2003 s model 1.8l has 320000km is consuming oil but no leakage and obvious smoke. mechanic was advising I change oil rings. does it work? if it does which are the recommended replacement parts? will they give me the value?

    • I’m in the middle of replacing rings on my celica 1zzfe. It should, because burning oil is from 2 things, worn rings and worn valve seals. I tore my engine apart and the lol rings were SHOT! I was surprised the rest of the engine looked pretty much ok. I honed the cylinders and put in new pistons and rings and bearings its spinning just fine and even made compression with the wood block I had it sitting on! So I’d say it probably helped. Just be prepared for a lot of work or paying somebody a lot of labor to do it.

  3. I have a 2005 Matrix that needed the engine replaced. I bought a 1ZZ-FE engine. When I went to install it, every thing fit perfect except one thing. Directly under the intake manifold there is, what appears to be, a cooling line. It comes out of the block, takes a 90 degree turn, goes horizontal for a bit, then goes down to the bottom of the engine and heads toward the radiator. This was NOT on the engine I removed. I have no where to connect this line. What do I do? If I knew what this connected to, I might be able to modify the piping.

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