Nissan CG10DE

Nissan CG10DEThe Nissan CG10DE is a 1.0 l (998 cc, 60.90 cu in) natural aspirated inline-four gasoline engine from Nissan CG-family. The engine was developed and manufactured for use in the Nissan Micra and Nissan March K11-series from 1992 through 2003.

The CG10DE features an aluminum block and aluminum head with dual overhead camshafts (DOHC) and four valves per cylinder (16 valves in total). The Nissan CG10DE engine is equipped with multi-point fuel injection and direct ignition system (for engines from 2000 through 2002).

Compression ratio rating is 9.5:1 (1992-1999) or 9.8:1 (2000-2002). Cylinder bore and piston stroke are 71.0 mm (2.79 in) and 63.0 mm (2.48 in), respectively. Redline is at 7,300 rpm.

The Nissan CG10DE produced from 55 PS (40 kW, 54 HP) at 6,000 rpm to 60 PS (44 kW, 59 HP) at 6,000 rpm, and from 79 Nm (8.0 kg·m, 58 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm to 80 Nm (8.2 kg·m, 59 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • CG – Engine Family
  • 10 – 1.0 Liter Displacement
  • D – DOHC (Dual Overhead Camshafts)
  • E – Multi Point Fuel Injection

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine codeCG10DE
LayoutFour stroke, Inline-4 (Straight-4)
Fuel typeGasoline (petrol)
Displacement1.0 l, 998 cm3 (60.90 cu in)
Fuel systemMulti Point Fuel Injection
Power adderNone
Power output 55 PS (40 kW, 54 HP) at 6,000 rpm
60 PS (44 kW, 59 HP) at 6,000 rpm
Torque output 79 N⋅m (8.0 kg·m, 58 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm
80 N⋅m (8.2 kg·m, 59 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm
Firing order1-3-4-2
Dimensions (L x W x H):
Weight90 kg (198,4 lbs)

Cylinder block

The Nissan CG10DE has an aluminum block with a five-bearings crankshaft supported system. The cylinder bore is 71.0 mm (2.79 in), piston stroke is 63.0 mm (2.48 in) and compression ratio rating is 9.5:1 or 9.8:1. The CG10DE motor has two compression and single oil control rings. The connecting rod center distance is 129.5 mm (5.098 in). The crankshaft main journal diameter is 44.97 mm (1.77 in) and crankpin diameter is 39.97 mm (1.53 in), center distance is 42.0 mm (1.65 mm).

Cylinder block
Cylinder block alloyAluminum
Compression ratio: 9.5:1 (1992-1999)
9.8:1 (2000-2002)
Cylinder bore:71.0 mm (2.79 in)
Piston stroke:63.0 mm (2.48 in)
Number of piston rings (compression / oil):2 / 1
Number of main bearings:5
Cylinder inner diameter (standard):71.000-71.010 mm (2.7952-2.7956 in)
Piston skirt diameter (standard):70.980-70.990 mm (2.7945-2.7949 in)
Piston pin outer diameter:17.994-18.000 mm (0.7084-0.7086 in)
Piston ring side clearance:Top0.050-0.073 mm (0.0020-0.0029 in)
Second0.030-0.070 mm (0.0012-0.0027 in)
Piston ring end gap:Top0.20-0.30 mm (0.0079-0.0118 in)
Second0.30-0.45 mm (0.0118-0.0177 in)
Oil0.25-1.00 mm (0.0098-0.0393 in)
Connecting rod small end diameter:17.962-17.978 mm (0.7071-0.7078 in)
Connecting rod center distance:129.45-129.55 mm (5.096-5.100 in)
Crankshaft main journal diameter:44.97 mm (1.7323 in)
Crankpin diameter:39.97 mm (1.5354 in)
Crankshaft center distance:42.0 mm (1.535 in)

Main bearings beam bolts:

  • Step 1: 25-30 Nm (2.5-3.1 kg-m, 18-22 ft-lb)
  • Step 2: Turn bolts 60-65°

Connecting rod bearing nut:

  • Step 1: 14-16 Nm (1.4-1.6 kg-m, 10-12 ft-lb)
  • Step 2: Turn bolts 45-50°

Cylinder head

The cylinder head is made of strong, light aluminum alloy which gives it good cooling efficiency. The CG10DE engine has a dual overhead camshaft with four valves per cylinder. The camshafts are driven by two-timing chains.

The intake valve diameter is 27.5 mm (1.08 in), the duration is 196°. The exhaust valve diameter is 22.5 mm (0.88 in), the duration is 196°. The CG10DE does not have hydraulic lifters, so special valve lifters are used to adjust the valve clearance.

Cylinder head
Block head alloyAluminium
Valve Arrangement:DOHC, chain drive
Head surface flatnessLess than 0.05 mm (0.002 in)
Valves:16 (4 valves per cylinder)
Intake valve timing196°
Exhaust valve timing:196°
Valve head diameter:INTAKE27.40-27.60 mm (1.078-1.086 in)
EXHAUST22.4-22.6 mm (0.881-0.889 in)
Valve length:INTAKE95.5-96.0 mm (3.7598-3.7795 in)
EXHAUST95.57-96.07 mm (3.7626-3.7823 in)
Valve stem diameter:INTAKE5.465-5.480 mm (0.2151-0.2157 in)
EXHAUST5.445-5.460 mm (0.2148-0.2150 in)
Valve spring free length:40.0 mm (1.5748 in)
Camshaft cam height:INTAKE38.005-38.195 mm (1.4962-1.5037 in)
EXHAUST38.005-38.195 mm (1.4962-1.5037 in)
Camshaft journal diameter:№127.935-27.955 mm (1.0998-1.1005 in)
№2-523.435-23.455 mm (0.9226-0.9234 in)

Head tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • Step 1: 39 Nm; 4.0 kg·m; 29 ft·lb
  • Step 2: 74-83 Nm; 7.5-8.5 kg·m; 55-61 ft·lb
  • Step 3: Loosen all bolts completely
  • Step 4: 30-40 kg·m; 3.1-4.1 kg·m; 22-29 ft·lb
  • Step 5: Turn all bolts 60-65°

Maintenance data

Valve clearance (HOT)
Intake valve0.33-0.41 mm (0.013-0.016 in)
Exhaust valve0.36-0.44 mm (0.014-0.017 in)
Compression pressure
Standard13.5 kg/cm2 / 350 rpm
Minimun11.5 kg/cm2 / 300 rpm
Compression differential limit between cylinders1.0 kg/cm2 / 300 rpm
Oil system
Oil consumption , L/1000 km (qt. per miles)up to 0.5 (1 qt. per 1200 miles)
Recommended engine oil 5W-30, 5W-20, 10W-30, 10W-40
Oil type APISH, SJ
Engine oil capacity (Refill capacity) With filter change 2.9 l
Without filter change 3.1 l
Oil change interval, km (miles)Every 12,000 (7,500)
Oil Pressure, kPa (bar, kg/cm 2) 650-750 rpm: 78.5-117.7 (0.785-1.177, 0.0-1.2)
2,000 rpm: 294.2-411.9 (2.942-4.118, 3-4.2)
Ignition system
Spark plug Standard type: NGK BKR5E-11
Hot type: NGK BKR4E-11
Cold type: NGK BKR6E-11
Spark plug gap1.0-1.1 mm (0.039-0.043 in)

Valve clearance adjustment data

Calculate the thickness of new adjusting valve lifter so valve clearance comes within specified values.

R = Thickness of removed valve lifter
N = Thickness of new valve lifter
M = Measured valve clearance

N = R + [M – 0.30 mm (0.012 in)]
N = R + [M – 0.35 mm (0.014 in)]

Valve lifters are available in 50 sizes from 2.00 mm (0.0787 in) to 2.98 mm (0.1173 in), in steps of 0.02 mm (0.0008 in).

Example (intake valve):
R = 2.10 mm
M = 0.52 mm
N = 2.10 + (0.52 – 0.30) = 2.22 mm, so we need a valve lifter with code TS222.

For adjustingFor checking
Intake0.24-0.32 mm (0.009-0.013 in)0.33-0.41 mm (0.013-0.016 in)
Exhaust0.32-0.40 mm (0.012-0.016 in)0.36-0.44 mm (0.014-0.017 in)

Vehicle applications

ModelYears Produced
Nissan March K111992-2003
Nissan Micra K111992-2003
Author: Sergei Wers
About: Co-founder and CEO of a multi-brand auto repair shop (engine repair, chassis repair, body repair and painting) for over 15 years. I have been developing internet sites with technical specifications for more than seven years.

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  1. The information seems important but it seems this vehicle has different distributor models and finding it hard to differentiate. How many wires has the distributor for the 1996 model of Nissan March K11?

    • Many engines can have different starters, alternators, carburetors or ECU depending on the year, vehicle model or country, so we do not focus on this information. It is better to check with the spare parts supplier using VIN or FRAME code.

  2. My March K11 has an electric power steering. Sometimes it hard then without any checks its soft again. Admin what could be the problem.

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