Toyota 22R-E

Toyota 22R-EThe Toyota 22R-E is a 2.4 L (2,366 cc, 144.38 cu·in) straight-four 4-stroke natural aspirated gasoline engine from Toyota R-family. The engine was manufactured by Toyota Motor Corporation since 1983 to 1995.

The 22R-E engine features a cast-iron block and aluminum cylinder head with the single overhead camshaft (SOHC) and two valves per cylinder (8 in total). Compression ratio rating is 9.0:1. Cylinder bore and piston stroke are 92.0 mm (3.62 in) and 89.0 mm (3.5 in), respectively. The Toyota 22R-E engine has an electronic fuel injection (EFI) system and ignition system with a mechanical distributor.

In 1985, the 22R engine was redesigned, many parts from the newer 22R-E (such as cylinder head, block, pistons, the timing chain, and cover, water and oil pumps) are not compatible with those from the older pre-1985 engine.

The 22R-E engine produced from 106 PS (78 kW; 105 HP) at 4,800 rpm to 114 PS (84 kW; 113 HP) at 4,800 rpm of maximum horsepower and from 185 N·m (18.9 kg·m, 136 ft·lb) at 2,800 rpm to 190 N·m (19.4 kg·m, 140 ft·lb) at 3,600 rpm of peak torque.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • 22 – 22 generation engine
  • R – Engine family
  • E – Multi-Point Fuel Injection

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine code22R-E
LayoutFour stroke, Inline-4 (Straight-4)
Fuel typeGasoline (petrol)
Displacement2.4 L, 2,366 cm3 (144.38 cu-in)
Fuel systemElectronic fuel injection (EFI)
Power adderNone
Power output From 106 PS (78 kW; 105 HP) at 4,800 rpm
to 110 PS (81 kW; 109 HP) at 5,000 rpm
Torque output From 185 N·m (18.9 kg·m, 136 ft·lb) at 2,800 rpm
to 190 N·m (19.4 kg·m, 140 ft·lb) at 3,600 rpm
Firing order1-3-4-2
Dimensions (L x W x H):

Cylinder block

The Toyota 22R-E has a cast-iron cylinder block with five bearing support system. It has a 92.0 mm (3.62 in) cylinder bore and 89.0 mm (3.5 in) piston stroke. Compression ratio rating is 9.0:1.

Cylinder block (86 and later)
Cylinder block alloyCast-iron
Compression ratio:9.0:1
Cylinder bore:92.0 mm (3.62 in)
Piston stroke:89.0 mm (3.5 in)
Number of piston rings (compression / oil):2 / 1
Number of main bearings:5
Cylinder inner diameter (standard):92.000-92.030 mm (3.622-3.6232 in)
Piston skirt diameter (standard):91.970-92.000 mm (3.6209-3.622 in)
Connecting rod big end diameter (standard):56.000-56.006 mm (2.2047-2.205 in)
Piston ring end gap:Top0.250-0.470 mm (0.0098-0.0185 in)
Second0.600-0.820 mm (0.0236-0.0323 in)
Oil0.200-0.570 mm (0.0079-0.0224 in)
Crankshaft main journal diameter:59.984-60.000 mm (2.3616-2.3622 in)
Crankpin diameter:52.988-53.000 mm (2.0861-2.0866 in)

Main bearing cap bolts tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • 103 Nm, 10.5 kg·m; 76 ft·lb

After securing bearing cap bolts, make sure crankshaft turns smoothly by hand.

Connecting rod bearing bolts

  • 69 Nm, 7.0 kg·m; 51 ft·lb)

Cylinder head

The cylinder head is made of aluminum alloy which gives it good cooling efficiency. The engine has single overhead camshaft, that is driven by a timing chain and two valves per cylinder (8 valves in total). Intake valve head diameter is 45.0 mm (1.77 in), and exhaust valve head diameter is 37.0 mm (1.46 in). Intake valve duration is 248°, valve lift is 10.0 mm, and exhaust valve duration is 280°, valve lift is 9.7 mm.

Cylinder head (86 and later)
Valve Arrangement:SOHC, chain drive
Valves:8 (2 valves per cylinder)
Valve head diameter:INTAKE45.0 mm (1.7717 in)
EXHAUST37.0 mm (1.4567 in)
Valve length:INTAKE113.5 mm (4.4685 in)
EXHAUST112.4 mm (4.4252 in)
Valve stem diameter:INTAKE7.970-7.985 mm (0.3138-0.3144 in)
EXHAUST7.965-7.980 mm (0.3136-0.3142 in)
Valve spring free length:48.5 mm (1.9094 in)
Camshaft cam height:INTAKE42.63-42.72 mm (1.6783-1.6819 in)
EXHAUST42.69-42.78 mm (1.6807-1.6842 in)
Camshaft journal diameter:32.98-33.00 mm (1.2984-1.2992 in)

Head tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • 78 Nm, 8.0 kg·m; 58 ft·lb

Maintenance data

Valve clearance
Intake valve0.20 mm (0.008 in)
Exhaust valve0.30 mm (0.012 in)
Compression pressure
Standard12.0 kg/cm2 / 200 rpm
Minimun10.0 kg/cm2 / 200 rpm
Compression differential limit between cylinders1.0 kg/cm2 / 200 rpm
Oil system
Oil consumption , L/1000 km (qt. per miles)up to 0.5 (1 qt. per 1200 miles)
Recommended engine oil5W-30, 10W-30
Oil type APISF or SF/CC
Engine oil capacity (Refill capacity) With filter change ~ 4.2 l l
Without filter change ~ 3.8 l
Oil change interval, km (miles)10,000 (6,000)
Ignition system
Spark plugNGK: BPR5EY
Spark plug gap0.8 mm (0.0315 in)

Vehicle applications

ModelYears Produced
Toyota Hilux1985-1995
Toyota Celica1983-1985
Toyota Corona1983-1987
Toyota Pickup1984-1995
Toyota 4Runner1985-1995
Volkswagen Taro1989-1997
Author: Sergei Wers
About: Co-founder and CEO of a multi-brand auto repair shop (engine repair, chassis repair, body repair and painting) for over 15 years. I have been developing internet sites with technical specifications for more than seven years.

ATTENTION! Dear visitors, this site is not a trading platform, an official dealer or a spare parts supplier, so we do not have any price lists or spare parts catalogs. We are an information portal and provide the technical specifications of gasoline and diesel engines.

We try to use verified sources and official documentation, however, differences between sources or errors in entering information may occur. We do not provide advice on technical issues related to the engines operation or repair. We do not recommend using provided information for engines repairing engines or spare parts ordering, use only official service manuals and spare-parts catalogs.


  1. Hello, the whole thing is going sound here and ofcourse every one is sharing data, that’s genuinely
    good, keep up writing.

  2. Oil consumption of 1 qt per 1200 miles is completely wrong. My 1986 Toyota truck 22RE burns less than 1/4 quart between 5000 mile oil changes. This rate has been the same from the day I bought it new until 34 years and 474,400 miles later as a daily driver. Oil weight recommendation is worng as well. It varies accordong to climate. I use Catrol GTX 10W-40 conventional oil year round for 34 years.

  3. This motor is an iron tank, she’s a dawg but will never let you down, I am lucky to have an 86 pickup/rv and it only has 111k

  4. The 22R engine was available in the Toyota Hilux until the 30th of September 1997 just to remind you and also they in Australia they were carburetor l know because l own one and the Hilux has done 431000 kms and does not burn any oil

  5. what could be the most general/obvious reason be that Check engine light go on and off when going up hill? Oil is good,transmission[oil]is good,temp is good!…I have a broken mufler,exhoust for the last 500 miles en about to fix that!Could that be a cause? a sensor?,another issue? need some advice on what to do

  6. Hello , interesting site. I recently purchased a 1986 4runner, seller replaced head gasket but need fluids to finish. Towed it home did what was left to do. I’m getting coolant blowing out of spark plug holes and running down exhaust pipe. Coolant is not getting into the crankcase. What did this guy do wrong? I know sbc engines but not familiar with a 22re efi.Thank you.

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