Toyota 2C

Toyota 2CThe Toyota 2C is a 2.0 L (1,974 cc, 120.5 cu·in) four-cylinders, four-stroke cycle water-cooled naturally aspirated internal combustion diesel engine, from the Toyota C-family, manufactured by the Toyota Motor Corporation from 1983.

The 2C diesel engine has a cast-iron cylinder block with 86.0 mm (3.39 in) cylinder bores and an 85.0 mm (3.35 in) piston stroke. Compression ratio rating is 23:1. The Toyota 2C engine has a cylinder head with a single overhead camshaft (SOHC) and 2 valves per cylinder (12 in total).

This engine was available in the following modifications:

  • 2C is a longitudinally mounted version. This engine produced 73 PS (54 kW; 72 HP) at 4,700 rpm of horsepower and 132 N·m (13.5 kg·m, 97.3 ft·lb) at 3,000 rpm of torque.
  • 2C-L is a transversely mounted version of the 2C.
  • 2C-E is EFI version of the 2C engine.
  • 2C-T, 2C-TL, 2C-TLC is a turbocherged version. It produces 86 PS (63 kW; 85 HP) at 4,500 rpm of output power and 173 N·m (17.6 kg·m, 127.5 ft·lb) at 2,600 rpm of torque.
  • 2C-TE is a turbocherged version with EFI.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • 2 – 2-nd generation engine
  • C – Engine family

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine code2C
LayoutStraight-4, vertical
Fuel typeDiesel
Production1983-
Displacement2.0 L, 1,974 cc (120.5 cu in)
Injection pumpMechanical
Power adderNone
Horsepower net 2C:: 73 PS (54 kW; 72 HP) at 4,700 rpm
2C-TL: 86 PS (63 kW; 85 HP) at 4,500 rpm
Torque output 2C:: 132 N·m (13.5 kg·m, 97.3 ft·lb) at 3,000 rpm
2C-TL: 173 N·m (17.6 kg·m, 127.5 ft·lb) at 2,600 rpm
Firing order1-3-4-2
Dimensions (L x H x W):
Weight

Cylinder block

The cylinder block is made of cast iron. The crankshaft is supported by 5 bearings. An 86.0 mm (3.39 in) cylinder bore and 85.0 mm (3.35 in) piston stroke give the 2C engine a total of 1974 cc of displacement. Compression ratio rating is 23:1.

Cylinder block
Cylinder block alloyCast-iron
Compression ratio:23:1
Cylinder bore:86.0 mm (3.39 in)
Piston stroke:85.0 mm (3.35 in)
Number of piston rings (compression / oil):2 / 1
Number of main bearings:5
Cylinder bore inner diameter:86.000-86.030 mm (3.3858-3.387 in)
Piston skirt diameter85.950-85.980 mm (3.3839-3.385 in)
Piston ring end gap:Top0.270-0.540 mm (0.0106-0.0213 in)
Second0.250-0.520 mm (0.0098-0.0205 in)
Oil0.200-0.820 mm (0.0079-0.0323 in)
Piston pin outer diameter27.000-27.012 mm (1.063-1.0635 in))
Connecting rod small end diameter (standard):27.011-27.023 mm (1.0634-1.0639 in)
Crankshaft main journal diameter:56.985-57.000 mm (2.2435-2.2441 in)
Crankpin diameter:50.488-50.500 mm (1.9877-1.9882 in)
Crankshaft center distance:42.5 mm (1.675 in)

Main bearing cap tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • 103 Nm; 10.5 kg·m; 76 ft·lb

After securing bearing cap bolts, make sure crankshaft turns smoothly by hand.

Connecting rod bearing nut

  • 64 Nm; 6.5 kg·m; 47 ft·lb

Crankshaft pulley bolt

  • 98 Nm; 10.0 kg·m; 72 ft·lb

Drive plate (A/T) fixing bolts

  • 74 Nm; 7.5 kg·m; 54 ft·lb

Flywheel (M/T) fixing bolts

  • 88 Nm; 9.0 kg·m; 65 ft·lb

Cylinder head

Cylinder head
Cylinder head alloyCast iron
Valve Arrangement:SOHC
Valves:8 (2 valves per cylinder)
Intake valves diameter:
Exhaust valves diameter:
Intake valves length:105.70 mm (4.1614 in)
Exhaust valves length:105.35 mm (4.1476 in)
Intake valve stem diameter:7.975-7.990 mm (0.314-0.3146 in)
Exhaust valves stem diameter:7.960-7.975 mm (0.3134-0.314 in)
Valve spring free length:47.5 mm (1.8701 in)
Camshaft journal diameter:27.979-27.995 mm (1.1015-1.1022 in)
Camshaft lobe height (intake): 2C: 46.725-46.875 mm (1.8396-1.8455 in)
2C-T: 46.325-46.475 mm (1.8238-1.8297 in)
Camshaft lobe height (exhaust):47.335-47.485 mm (1.8636-1.8695 in)

Head tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • Step 1: 44 Nm; 4.5 kg·m; 33 ft·lb
  • Step 2: Turn all bolts 90°
  • Step 3: Turn all bolts another 90°

Maintenance data

Valve clearance (Hot)
Intake valve0.20-0.30 mm (0.0079-0.0118 in)
Exhaust valve0.25-0.35 mm (0.0098-0.0138 in)
Compression pressure
Standard30.0 kg/m2 (2,942 kPa, 427 psi)
Minimun25.0 kg/m2 (2,452 kPa, 356 psi)
Compression differential limit between cylinders5.0 kg/m2 (490 kPa, 71 psi)
Oil system
Recommended engine oil10W-30 or 5W-30 (“CC”, “CD”)
Engine oil capacity Dry fill: 4.8-5.3 L (4.5-5.6 US qt, 3.8-4.7 Imp. qt)
With oil filter change: 4.3-4.5 L (4.5-4.8 US qt, 3.8-4.0 Imp. qt)
Without oil filter change: 3.8 L (4.0 US qt, 3.0 Imp. qt)
Oil pressure: At idle: 0.3 kg/m2 (29 kPa, 4.3 psi) or more
At 3,00 rpm: 2.5-6.0 kg/m2 (245-588 kPa, 36-85 psi)

Vehicle applications

ModelYears Produced
Toyota Caldina (CT190/196/198)1992-1998
Toyota Carina (CT150/170/176/CT190/195)1984-1996
Toyota Carina II (CT150/170)1983-1982
Toyota Carina E (CT190)1992-1996
Toyota Corolla (CE95/100/104/106/108/109/110/114)1989-2001
Toyota Corolla (Altis) (CE120)2001-2004
Toyota Corona (CT141/CT150/CT170/176/177/CT190/195)1983-1996
Toyota Deliboy (CXC10 )1991-1994
Toyota LiteAce / TownAce1985-1999
Toyota Sprinter (CE95/100/104/106/108/109/110/114)1989-1998
2C-E
Toyota Corolla (CE110)1995-2001
2C-T, 2C-TL, 2C-TLC
Toyota Caldina (CT190 )1994-1997
Toyota Carina (CT210/215)1996-1998
Toyota Carina E (CT190)1996-1997
Toyota Avensis (CT220)1997-2000
Toyota Camry (CV11/20/30)1995-1994
Toyota Corona (CT190/CT210/215)1996-1997
Toyota Vista (CV11/20/30)1995-1994
Toyota LiteAce / TownAce (CM30/40, CR21/28/30/37)1984-1992
2C-TE
Toyota Avensis (CT220)1997-2000
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