Toyota 2C

Toyota 2CThe Toyota 2C is a 2.0 L (1,974 cc, 120.5 cu·in) four-cylinders, four-stroke cycle water-cooled naturally aspirated internal combustion diesel engine, from the Toyota C-family, manufactured by the Toyota Motor Corporation from 1983.

The 2C diesel engine has a cast-iron cylinder block with 86.0 mm (3.39 in) cylinder bores and an 85.0 mm (3.35 in) piston stroke. Compression ratio rating is 23:1. The Toyota 2C engine has a cylinder head with a single overhead camshaft (SOHC) and 2 valves per cylinder (8 in total).

This engine was available in the following modifications:

  • 2C is a longitudinally mounted version. This engine produced 73 PS (54 kW; 72 HP) at 4,700 rpm of horsepower and 132 N·m (13.5 kg·m, 97.3 ft·lb) at 3,000 rpm of torque.
  • 2C-L is a transversely mounted version of the 2C.
  • 2C-E is EFI version of the 2C engine.
  • 2C-T, 2C-TL, 2C-TLC is a turbocherged version. It produces 86 PS (63 kW; 85 HP) at 4,500 rpm of output power and 173 N·m (17.6 kg·m, 127.5 ft·lb) at 2,600 rpm of torque.
  • 2C-TE is a turbocherged version with EFI.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • 2 – 2-nd generation engine
  • C – Engine family

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine code2C
LayoutStraight-4, vertical
Fuel typeDiesel
Displacement2.0 L, 1,974 cc (120.5 cu in)
Injection pumpMechanical
Power adderNone
Horsepower net 2C:: 73 PS (54 kW; 72 HP) at 4,700 rpm
2C-TL: 86 PS (63 kW; 85 HP) at 4,500 rpm
Torque output 2C:: 132 N·m (13.5 kg·m, 97.3 ft·lb) at 3,000 rpm
2C-TL: 173 N·m (17.6 kg·m, 127.5 ft·lb) at 2,600 rpm
Firing order1-3-4-2
Dimensions (L x H x W):

Cylinder block

The cylinder block is made of cast iron. The crankshaft is supported by 5 bearings. An 86.0 mm (3.39 in) cylinder bore and 85.0 mm (3.35 in) piston stroke give the 2C engine a total of 1974 cc of displacement. Compression ratio rating is 23:1.

Cylinder block
Cylinder block alloyCast-iron
Compression ratio:23:1
Cylinder bore:86.0 mm (3.39 in)
Piston stroke:85.0 mm (3.35 in)
Number of piston rings (compression / oil):2 / 1
Number of main bearings:5
Cylinder bore inner diameter:86.000-86.030 mm (3.3858-3.387 in)
Piston skirt diameter85.950-85.980 mm (3.3839-3.385 in)
Piston ring end gap:Top0.270-0.540 mm (0.0106-0.0213 in)
Second0.250-0.520 mm (0.0098-0.0205 in)
Oil0.200-0.820 mm (0.0079-0.0323 in)
Piston pin outer diameter27.000-27.012 mm (1.063-1.0635 in))
Connecting rod small end diameter (standard):27.011-27.023 mm (1.0634-1.0639 in)
Crankshaft main journal diameter:56.985-57.000 mm (2.2435-2.2441 in)
Crankpin diameter:50.488-50.500 mm (1.9877-1.9882 in)
Crankshaft center distance:42.5 mm (1.675 in)

Main bearing cap tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • 103 Nm; 10.5 kg·m; 76 ft·lb

After securing bearing cap bolts, make sure crankshaft turns smoothly by hand.

Connecting rod bearing nut

  • 64 Nm; 6.5 kg·m; 47 ft·lb

Crankshaft pulley bolt

  • 98 Nm; 10.0 kg·m; 72 ft·lb

Drive plate (A/T) fixing bolts

  • 74 Nm; 7.5 kg·m; 54 ft·lb

Flywheel (M/T) fixing bolts

  • 88 Nm; 9.0 kg·m; 65 ft·lb

Cylinder head

Cylinder head
Cylinder head alloyCast iron
Valve Arrangement:SOHC
Valves:8 (2 valves per cylinder)
Intake valves diameter:
Exhaust valves diameter:
Intake valves length:105.70 mm (4.1614 in)
Exhaust valves length:105.35 mm (4.1476 in)
Intake valve stem diameter:7.975-7.990 mm (0.314-0.3146 in)
Exhaust valves stem diameter:7.960-7.975 mm (0.3134-0.314 in)
Valve spring free length:47.5 mm (1.8701 in)
Camshaft journal diameter:27.979-27.995 mm (1.1015-1.1022 in)
Camshaft lobe height (intake): 2C: 46.725-46.875 mm (1.8396-1.8455 in)
2C-T: 46.325-46.475 mm (1.8238-1.8297 in)
Camshaft lobe height (exhaust):47.335-47.485 mm (1.8636-1.8695 in)

Head tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • Step 1: 44 Nm; 4.5 kg·m; 33 ft·lb
  • Step 2: Turn all bolts 90°
  • Step 3: Turn all bolts another 90°

Maintenance data

Valve clearance
Intake valve0.20-0.30 mm (0.0079-0.0118 in)
Exhaust valve0.25-0.35 mm (0.0098-0.0138 in)
Compression pressure
Standard30.0 kg/m2 (2,942 kPa, 427 psi)
Minimun25.0 kg/m2 (2,452 kPa, 356 psi)
Compression differential limit between cylinders5.0 kg/m2 (490 kPa, 71 psi)
Oil system
Recommended engine oil10W-30 or 5W-30 (“CC”, “CD”)
Engine oil capacity Dry fill: 4.8-5.3 L (4.5-5.6 US qt, 3.8-4.7 Imp. qt)
With oil filter change: 4.3-4.5 L (4.5-4.8 US qt, 3.8-4.0 Imp. qt)
Without oil filter change: 3.8 L (4.0 US qt, 3.0 Imp. qt)
Oil pressure: At idle: 0.3 kg/m2 (29 kPa, 4.3 psi) or more
At 3,00 rpm: 2.5-6.0 kg/m2 (245-588 kPa, 36-85 psi)

Vehicle applications

ModelYears Produced
Toyota Caldina (CT190/196/198)1992-1998
Toyota Carina (CT150/170/176/CT190/195)1984-1996
Toyota Carina II (CT150/170)1983-1982
Toyota Carina E (CT190)1992-1996
Toyota Corolla (CE95/100/104/106/108/109/110/114)1989-2001
Toyota Corolla (Altis) (CE120)2001-2004
Toyota Corona (CT141/CT150/CT170/176/177/CT190/195)1983-1996
Toyota Deliboy (CXC10 )1991-1994
Toyota LiteAce / TownAce1985-1999
Toyota Sprinter (CE95/100/104/106/108/109/110/114)1989-1998
Toyota Corolla (CE110)1995-2001
2C-T, 2C-TL, 2C-TLC
Toyota Caldina (CT190 )1994-1997
Toyota Carina (CT210/215)1996-1998
Toyota Carina E (CT190)1996-1997
Toyota Avensis (CT220)1997-2000
Toyota Camry (CV11/20/30)1995-1994
Toyota Corona (CT190/CT210/215)1996-1997
Toyota Vista (CV11/20/30)1995-1994
Toyota LiteAce / TownAce (CM30/40, CR21/28/30/37)1984-1992
Toyota Avensis (CT220)1997-2000
Author: Sergei Wers
About: Co-founder and CEO of a multi-brand auto repair shop (engine repair, chassis repair, body repair and painting) for over 15 years. I have been developing internet sites with technical specifications for more than seven years.

ATTENTION! Dear visitors, this site is not a trading platform, an official dealer or a spare parts supplier, so we do not have any price lists or spare parts catalogs. We are an information portal and provide the technical specifications of gasoline and diesel engines.

We try to use verified sources and official documentation, however, differences between sources or errors in entering information may occur. We do not provide advice on technical issues related to the engines operation or repair. We do not recommend using provided information for engines repairing engines or spare parts ordering, use only official service manuals and spare-parts catalogs.


  1. i would like to buy a 2c diesel engine.where and how should i go about doing things.

    awaiting for a reply

  2. Can someone help me where and how I can buy an oil filter for this engine, Toyota C2 diesel…? The vehicle is in LA, CALIFORNIA.

    • Hey Franco. I’m from NYC but currently in Pakistan till September 9th. I can possibly bring some oil filters from here. How many do you need ? Text me @ 9176426643. You can also whattsapp.

  3. Can you convert a 2CT engine to a 2C if you change the inlet manifold and exhaust manifold. Would you have to do anything else?

  4. wich diesel engine can i fit into the toyota noah 2013
    Toyota Noah 2013 generation R70G (2007 – 2013)
    and is it possible?

  5. I’ve got a light truck with a 2C engine, donated to me, as it was overheated through lack of radiator water, and now has zero compression. What is the likely damage?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.