Toyota 2L

Toyota 2LThe Toyota 2L is a 2.4 L (2,446 cc, 149.3 cu·in) four cylinders, four-stroke cycle water-cooled naturally aspirated internal combustion diesel engine, manufactured by the Toyota Motor Corporation.

The 2L engine has a cast-iron cylinder block with 92.0 mm (3.62 in) cylinder bores and a 92.0 mm (3.62 in) piston stroke. Compression ratio rating was 22.3:1. The motor has a cast iron cylinder head with a single overhead camshaft (SOHC) with two valves per cylinder and indirect injection design.

Later version the 2L-II is an upgrade of the 2L. The cylinder bore and the piston stroke remains the same. The most significant change is that the camshaft lifts the valve directly via tappet instead of a rocker arm. The valve clearance is adjusted using shims.

The Toyota 2L produced from 76 PS (56 kW; 75 HP) at 4,000 rpm to 90 PS (66 kW; 88 HP) at 4,200 rpm of maximum horsepower and from 155 N·m (15.8 kg·m, 114.2 ft·lb) at 2,400 rpm to 165 N·m (16.8 kg·m, 121.6 ft·lb) at 2,400 rpm of maximum torque.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • 2 – 2nd generation engine
  • L – Engine family

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine code 2l
Layout Straight-4, vertical
Fuel type Diesel
Displacement 2.4 L, 2,446 cm3 (149.3 cu in)
Injection pump Mechanical
Power adder None
Horsepower net From 76 PS (56 kW; 75 HP) at 4,000 rpm
to 90 PS (66 kW; 88 HP) at 4,200 rpm
Torque output From 155 N·m (15.8 kg·m, 114.2 ft·lb) at 2,400 rpm
to 165 N·m (16.8 kg·m, 121.6 ft·lb) at 2,400 rpm
Firing (injection) order 1-3-4-2
Dimensions (L x H x W):

Cylinder block

The cylinder block is made of cast iron. The crankshaft is supported by five bearings on the inside of the crankcase. The crankshaft bearings are made of aluminum alloy. The crankshaft is integrated with balance weights which are cast along with it for balance.

The cylinder bore is 92.0 mm (3.62 in), piston stroke is 92.0 mm (3.62 in) and compression ratio rating is 22.3:1.

Cylinder block
Cylinder block alloy Cast iron
Compression ratio: 22.3:1
Cylinder bore: 92.0 mm (3.62 in)
Piston stroke: 92.0 mm (3.62 in)
Number of piston rings (compression / oil): 2 / 1
Number of main bearings: 5
Cylinder bore inner diameter: 92.000-92.010 mm (3.6220-3.62240 in)
Piston skirt diameter 91.940-91.950 mm (3.6197-3.6201 in)
Piston ring groove clearance: First 0.028-0.077 mm (0.0011-0.0030 in)
Second 0.060-0.105 mm (0.0024-0.0041 in)
Oil 0.030-0.070 mm (0.0012-0.0028 in)
Piston ring end gap: First 0.350-0.450 mm (0.0138-0.0177 in)
Second 0.450-0.550 mm (0.0177-0.0217 in)
Oil 0.200-0.500 mm (0.0079-0.0197 in)
Piston pin outer diameter 27.000-27.012 mm (1.063-1.0635 in)
Connecting rod small end diameter (standard) 27.008-27.020 mm (1.0633-1.0638 in)
Crankshaft main journal diameter: 61.985-62.000 mm (2.4403-2.4409 in)
Crankpin diameter: 52.988-53.000 mm (2.0861-2.0866 in)

Main bearing cap tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • 105 Nm; 10.5 kg·m; 77 ft·lb

After securing bearing cap bolts, make sure crankshaft turns smoothly by hand.

Connecting rod bearing nut

  • Step 1: 54 Nm; 5.5 kg·m; 40 ft·lb
  • Step 2: Turn all bolts 90°

Crankshaft pulley bolt

  • 235 Nm; 24.0 kg·m; 173 ft·lb


  • 123 Nm; 12.5 kg·m; 90 ft·lb

Cylinder head (2L-II specs)

Cylinder head
Cylinder head alloy Cast iron
Valve Arrangement: SOHC
Valves: 8 (2 valves per cylinder)
Intake valves diameter:
Exhaust valves diameter:
Intake valves length: 103.29-103.69 mm (4.0665-4.0823 in)
Exhaust valves length: 103.14-103.54 mm (4.0606-4.0764 in)
Intake valve stem diameter: 7.975-7.990 mm (0.314-0.3146 in
Exhaust valves stem diameter: 7.960-7.975 mm (0.3134-0.314 in)
Camshaft journal diameter: 1st: 34.969-34.985 mm (1.3767-1.3774 in)
Others: 27.969-27.985 mm (1.1011-1.1018 in)
Camshaft lobe height (intake): 53.850-53.870 mm (2.1201-2.1209 in)
Camshaft lobe height (exhaust): 54.990-55.010 mm (2.165-2.1657 in)

Head tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • Step 1: 78 Nm; 8.0 kg·m; 58 ft·lb
  • Step 2: Turn all bolts 90°
  • Step 3: Turn all bolts 90°

Camshaft bearing cap

  • 25 Nm; 2.5 kg·m; 18 ft·lb

Maintenance data

Valve clearance (Cold)
Intake valve 0.20-0.30 mm (0.0079-0.0118 in)
Exhaust valve 0.40-0.50 mm (0.0157-0.0197 in)
Compression pressure
Standard 32.0 kg/m2 / 250 rpm
Minimun 20.0 kg/m2 / 250 rpm
Compression differential limit between cylinders 5.0 kg/m2 / 250 rpm
Oil system
Recommended engine oil 10W-30 or 10W-40 (CF, CE or CD)
Engine oil capacity 2WD:
With oil filter change: 6.0 l (6.3 US qts, 5.3 Imp.qts)
Without oil filter change: 5.1 l (5.2 US qts, 4.5 Imp.qts)
With oil filter change: 6.5 l (6.9 US qts, 5.7 Imp.qts)
Without oil filter change: 5.7 l (6.0 US qts, 5.0 Imp.qts)
Fuel system
Nozzle opening pressure: New: 14,810-15,590 kPa (151-159 kg/cm2, 2,148-2,262 psi)
Reused: 14,220-15,200 kPa (145-155 kg/cm2, 2,062-2,205 psi)
Plunger stroke With ACSD: 0.44-0.56 mm (0.0173-0.0220 in.)
Without ACSD: 0.84-0.96 mm (0.0331-0.0378 in.)
Idling 650 − 750 rpm

Vehicle applications

Model Years Produced
Toyota Mark II
Toyota Chaser
Toyota Cresta
Toyota Cressida
Toyota Hiace
Toyota Hilux
Toyota Kijang
Toyota Blizzard 1984–1990
Toyota Revo (Philippines)
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    • 2L-ii has an egr,behind the engine between firewall, u will see a pipe from cylinder head to intake manifold,if not u don’t have. the simplest erg, now delete egr, its just for emmisions,searh YouTube ,u will know.

  1. Hi, I just want to know, after reseting my timing belt warning light, when will it warn or light up again? After 100,000k km or 150,000k km? Pls help. Thanks.

  2. Will the 2L-II directly replace a 22R motor in a 1986 toyota pickup without modifications?

    • You will need the bellhousing for a 2L engine which will bolt up to your transmission. I did a conversion with a 91 Toyota pickup like that.

  3. In my Toyota Hilux Surf 1993 model there is a 2L-TE engine but would like to swap it with a 1KD or 2KD can these engines fit and function properly in my SUV.

  4. 1988 2.4lt Diesel dble cab. No Electronics!! Hooray!
    Put new head on 2012. Fitted later model exhaust pipe with multiple cuts & welds inc original flange to attach to manifold. Pity.
    Why is there multiple metal shim manifold gaskets? Aware of need for expansion.
    Looking for manifold bolt torque. Thanks for valve clearances as 2021 is 1st check of valve clearances..just keeps going!
    Throat cancer survivour 14 yrs due changing diet as guided by the Dr Johaana Budwig Protocol (Flaxseed oil diet; linseed, not NZ flax). Oxygen controls the cancer. ENT Dr pronounced “cured” 2013.No refined sugar & NO preservatives. Cheers Fred Hughes, Taumarunui 3920 NZ

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