Toyota 5E-FE

Toyota 5E-FEThe Toyota 5E-FE is a 1.5 L (1,497 cc, 91.35 cu·in) straight-four 4-stroke natural aspirated gasoline engine from Toyota E-family. The Toyota 5E-FE engine was manufactured from 1990 to 1998.

The 5E-FE engine used a cast-iron block and aluminum cylinder head with dual overhead camshafts (DOHC) and four valves per cylinder (16 in total). A 74.0 mm (2.91 in) cylinder bore and 87.0 mm (3.43 in) piston stroke give the 5E-FE engine a total of 1,497 cc of displacement. Compression ratio rating is 9.8:1.

The Toyota 5E-FE engine has electronic fuel injection system and different ignition systems: ignition system with a distributor, distributor-less with coil pack and electronic control and after 1995 Toyota changed the ignition system to a distributor-less (DIS), coil-on-plug design. The coil-on-plug design uses two coils, each coil mounts on top of a spark plug, but also has a cable run to another cylinder’s spark plug. In 1995 Toyota switched from OBD to OBD-II and began using flat-topped pistons.

The engine produced from 94 PS (69 kW; 92 HP) at 5,400 rpm to 112 PS (82 kW; 110 HP) at 6,400 rpm of maximum horsepower and from 123 N·m (12.5 kg·m, 90.7 ft·lb) at 3,200 rpm to 136 N·m (13.9 kg·m, 100.2 ft·lb) at 4,000 rpm of peak torque.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • 5 – 5 generation engine
  • E – Engine family
  • F – Economy narrow-angle DOHC
  • E – Multi Point Fuel Injection

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine code5E-FE
LayoutFour stroke, Inline-4 (Straight-4)
Fuel typeGasoline (petrol)
Production1990-1998
Displacement1.5 L, 1,497 cm3 (91.35 cu-in)
Fuel systemElectronic Fuel Injection (EFI)
Power adderNone
Power output From 94 PS (69 kW; 92 HP) at 5,400 rpm
to 112 PS (82 kW; 110 HP) at 6,400 rpm
Torque output From 123 N·m (12.5 kg·m, 90.7 ft·lb) at 3,200 rpm
to 136 N·m (13.9 kg·m, 100.2 ft·lb) at 4,000 rpm
Firing order1-3-4-2
Dimensions (L x W x H):
Weight

Cylinder block

The Toyota 5E-FE has a cast-iron cylinder block with five bearing support system. It has a 74.0 mm (2.91 in) cylinder bore and 87.0 mm (3.43 in) piston stroke. Compression ratio rating is 9.8:1. The engine has a crankshaft with eight balance weights.

The engine is equipped with steel connecting rods, float type piston pins, aluminum alloy pistons with two compression and single oil control ring. The top compression ring is made of stainless steel, the second ring is made of cast-iron.

Cylinder block
Cylinder block alloyCast-iron
Compression ratio:9.8:1
Cylinder bore:74.0 mm (2.91 in)
Piston stroke:87.0 mm (3.43 in)
Number of piston rings (compression / oil):2 / 1
Number of main bearings:5
Cylinder inner diameter (standard):74.000-74.010 mm (2.9134-2.9138 in)
Piston skirt diameter (standard):73.900-73.910 mm (2.9094-2.9098 in)
Piston pin outer diameter:
Piston ring side clearance:Top0.040-0.080 mm (0.0016-0.0031 in)
Second0.030-0.070 mm (0.0012-0.0028 in)
Piston ring end gap:Top0.260-0.480 mm (0.0102-0.0189 in)
Second0.300-0.570 mm (0.0118-0.0224 in)
Oil0.130-0.500 mm (0.0051-0.0197 in)
Crankshaft journal diameter:49.996-50.000 mm (1.9683-1.9685 in)
Crankpin diameter:42.745-42.755 mm (1.6829-1.6833 in)

Main bearing cap bolts tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • 57 Nm, 5.8 kg·m; 42 ft·lb)

After securing bearing cap bolts, make sure crankshaft turns smoothly by hand.

Connecting rod bearing bolts

  • 39 Nm, 4.0 kg·m; 29 ft·lb)

Cylinder head

The cylinder head is made of aluminum alloy which gives it good cooling efficiency. The engine has dual overhead camshafts, that are driven by a timing belt and four valves per cylinder (16 valves in total). The 5E-FE engine used special valve shims to adjust the valve clearance.

Cylinder head
Valve Arrangement:DOHC, belt drive
Valves:16 (4 valves per cylinder)
Valve head diameter:INTAKE
EXHAUST
Valve length:INTAKE93.45 mm (3.6791 in.)
EXHAUST93.89 mm (3.6964 in.)
Valve stem diameter:INTAKE5.970-5.985 mm (0.235-0.2356 in.)
EXHAUST5.965-5.980 mm (0.2348-0.2354 in.)
Valve spring free length:39.8 mm (1.5669 in)
Camshaft cam height:INTAKE41.510-41.610 mm (1.6342-1.6382 in.)
EXHAUST41.310-41.410 mm (1.6264-1.6303 in.)
Outer camshaft journal diameter:№124.949-24.965 mm (0.9822-0.9829 in.)
Other journals diameter22.949-22.965 mm (0.9035-0.9041 in.)

Head tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • Step 1: 44 Nm, 4.5 kg·m; 32.5 ft·lb
  • Step 2: Turn all bolts 90°

Camshaft bearings cap bolts

  • 13 Nm (1.33 kg·m; 9.6 ft·lb)

Maintenance data

Valve clearance
Intake valve0.15-0.25 mm (0.006-0.010 in)
Exhaust valve0.31-0.41 mm (0.012-0.016 in)
Compression pressure
Standard13.0 kg/m2 / 200 rpm
Minimun10.0 kg/m2 / 200 rpm
Compression differential limit between cylinders1.0 kg/m2 / 200 rpm
Oil system
Oil consumption , L/1000 km (qt. per miles)up to 0.5 (1 qt. per 1200 miles)
Recommended engine oil5W-20, 5W-30, 10W-30
Oil type APISG or SF
Engine oil capacity (Refill capacity) With filter change 3.2 l l
Without filter change 2.9 l
Oil change interval, km (miles)5,000-10,000 (3,000-6,000)
Ignition system
Spark plugDENSO: K16R-U11, NGK: BPR5EYA-11
Spark plug gap0.8 mm (0.0315 in)

Valve clearance adjustment data

Calculate the thickness of new adjusting valve lifter so valve clearance comes within specified values.

R = Thickness of removed valve lifter
N = Thickness of new valve lifter
M = Measured valve clearance

Intake:
N = R + [M – 0.20 mm (0.008 in)]
Exhaust:
N = R + [M – 0.36 mm (0.014 in)]

Valve lifters are available in 17 sizes to range from 2.50 mm (0.098 in) to 3.30 mm (0.130 in), in steps of 0.05 mm (0.0020 in).

Example (intake valve):
R = 2.60 mm
M = 0.55 mm
N = 2.60 + (0.55 – 0.20) = 2.95 mm.

Vehicle applications

ModelYears Produced
Toyota Paseo
Toyota Sera
Toyota Tercel
Toyota Raum
Toyota Corolla
Toyota Corsa
Toyota Caldina
Toyota Corolla II
Toyota Cynos
Toyota Vios
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