Nissan CA16S

Nissan CA16SThe Nissan CA16DE is a 1.6 liter (1,598 cc, 97.51 cu in) straight-four, four-stroke carburetor gasoline engine from Nissan CA-family. The Nissan CA16S engine was produced from 1981 through 1990.

This engine has SOHC (single overhead camshaft) with two valves per cylinder (8 valves in total), cast-iron cylinder block and an aluminum cylinder head; fully balanced five-bearing crankshaft. The engine is equipped with a single barrel carburetor and ignition system with a mechanical distributor. The engine that was installed on the Yue Loong Feeling was equipped with a double-barrel carburetor.

Bore and stroke are 78.0 mm (3.07 in) and 83.6 mm (3.29 in), respectively. Compression ratio rating of 9.0:1. The engine produced 81 PS (60 kW; 80 hp) at 5,200 rpm of maximum horsepower and 123 Nm (91 ft⋅lb) at 3,200 rpm of peak torque.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • CA – Engine Family
  • 16 – 1.6 Liter Displacement
  • S – Carburetor

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine codeCA16S
LayoutFour stroke, Inline-4 (Straight-4)
Fuel typeGasoline
Displacement1.6 L, 1,598 cm3 (97.51 cu in)
Fuel systemCarburetor
Power adderNone
Max. horsepower81 PS (60 kW; 80 hp) at 5,200 rpm
Max. torque123 Nm (91 ft⋅lbf) at 3,200 rpm
Firing order1-3-4-2
Dimensions (L x H x W):

Cylinder block

The Nissan CA16S motor has a cast-iron cylinder block. The cylinder block, a monoblock special casting structure, employs a five-bearing-support system. The CA16S engine cylinder bore is 78.0 mm (3.07 in) and the piston stroke is 83.6 mm (3.291 in), compression ratio rating is 9.0:1.

The pistons are each fitted with two compression rings and a single oil ring. The cylinder block height is 204.8 mm (8.06 in).

Cylinder block
Cylinder block alloyCast iron
Compression ratio:9.0:1
Cylinder bore:78.0 mm (3.07 in)
Piston stroke:83.6 mm (3.291 in)
Number of piston rings (compression / oil):2 / 1
Number of main bearings:5
Cylinder inner diameter (standard):78.000-78.050 mm (3.0709-3.0720 in)
Piston skirt diameter (standard):77.925-77.935 mm (3.0679-3.0683 in)

Cylinder head

Cylinder head
Cylinder head alloyAluminum
Valve Arrangement:SOHC
Valves:8 (2 valves per cylinder)
Intake/Exhaust duration:

Maintenance data

Compression pressure
Standard14.0 kg/cm2 (199 psi) / 350 rpm
Minimun12.0 kg/cm2 (171 psi) / 350 rpm
Oil system
Oil consumption , L/1000 km (qt. per miles)up to 0.5 (1 qt. per 1200 miles)
Recommended engine oil 10W-30
Oil type APISE or SF
Engine oil capacity (Refill capacity) With oil filter: 3.8 l (3-3/8 qt)
Without oil filter: 3.4 l (3 qt)

Vehicle applications

ModelYears Produced
Nissan Violet1981-1982
Nissan Stanza (T11, T12)1981-1990
Nissan Auster (T11, T12)1981-1990
Nissan Bluebird (910, U11)1982-1987
Nissan Bluebird (U12)1987-1991
Nissan Bluebird Van (U11)1987-1990
Yue Loong Feeling 101, 102
Author: Sergei Wers
About: Co-founder and CEO of a multi-brand auto repair shop (engine repair, chassis repair, body repair and painting) for over 15 years. I have been developing internet sites with technical specifications for more than seven years.

ATTENTION! Dear visitors, this site is not a trading platform, an official dealer or a spare parts supplier, so we do not have any price lists or spare parts catalogs. We are an information portal and provide the technical specifications of gasoline and diesel engines.

We try to use verified sources and official documentation, however, differences between sources or errors in entering information may occur. We do not provide advice on technical issues related to the engines operation or repair. We do not recommend using provided information for engines repairing engines or spare parts ordering, use only official service manuals and spare-parts catalogs.

1 Comment

  1. Dear Concern,


    I recently overhauled my CA16S engine and install new piston, rings, etc.
    Please recommend me engine oil.

    Note: Here only 02 to 03 months winter.

    Thanks & Regards,
    Muhammad Farooq Khan

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.