Toyota 2TR-FE

Toyota 2TR-FEThe Toyota 2TR-FE is a 2.7 L (2,693 cc, 164.34 cu·in) straight-four 4-stroke natural aspirated gasoline engine from Toyota TR-family. The 2TR-FE engine was manufactured in Kamigo Plant and Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia.

The 2TR-FE engine features a cast iron, deep-skirt cylinder block and aluminum cylinder head with two overhead camshafts (DOHC) and four valves per cylinder (16 in total). The Toyota 2TR-FE engine used Multipoint fuel injection system, VVT-i (Variable Valve Timing with intelligence) or dual VVT-i since 2015 and distributorless DIS (Direct Ignition System)- with individual ignition coil for each spark plug.

Compression ratio rating is 9:6:1 for VTT-i version and 10.2:1 for dual VVT-i. The cylinder bore is 95.0 mm (3.74 in) and the piston stroke is 95.0 mm (3.74 in). The 2TR-FE engine produced from 151 PS (111 kW; 149 HP) at 4,800 rpm to 163 PS (120 kW; 161 HP) at 5,200 rpm to of maximum horsepower and from 241 Nm (24.6 kg·m; 177.9 ft·lb) at 3,800 rpm to 246 N·m (25.1 kg·m, 181.3 ft·lb) at 3,900 rpm of peak torque.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • 2 – 2-nd generation engine
  • TR – Engine family
  • F – Economy narrow-angle DOHC
  • E – Multi-Point Fuel Injection

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine code2TR-FE
LayoutFour stroke, Inline-4 (Straight-4)
Fuel typeGasoline (petrol)
Displacement2.7 L, 2,693 cm3 (164.34 cu in)
Fuel systemMulti-Point Fuel Injection
Power adder
Power output From 151 PS (111 kW; 149 HP) at 4,800 rpm
to 163 PS (120 kW; 161 HP) at 5,200 rpm
Torque output From 241 Nm (24.6 kg·m; 177.9 ft·lb) at 3,800 rpm
to 246 N·m (25.1 kg·m, 181.3 ft·lb) at 3,900 rpm
Firing order1-3-4-2
Dimensions (L x W x H):

Cylinder block

The 2TR-FE has a cast iron, deep-skirt cylinder block. A 95.0 mm (3.74 in) cylinder bore and 95.0 mm (3.74 in) piston stroke give the 2TR-FE engine a total of 2693 cc of displacement. Compression ratio rating is 9.6:1 or 10.2:1. The 2TR-FE is equipped with twin counter-rotating balance shafts within the crankcase to cancel the secondary inertia forces.

The 2TR-FE engine used a fully-balanced crankshaft with roll-finished pin and journal fillets. To reduce noise, vibration, and harshness, the crankshaft pulley used a torsional rubber damper. The high strength connecting rods has plastic-region tightening big-end bolts. The engine is equipped with aluminum alloy pistons with two compression and single oil control ring. The top compression ring has a Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) coating for wear resistance and the second piston ring is chrome plated.

Cylinder block
Cylinder block alloyCast-iron
Compression ratio: VVT-i: 9.6:1
Dual VVT-i: 10.2:1
Cylinder bore:95.0 mm (3.74 in)
Piston stroke:95.0 mm (3.74 in)
Number of piston rings (compression / oil):2 / 1
Number of main bearings:5
Cylinder inner diameter (standard):94.990-95.003 mm (3.7398-3.7403 in)
Piston skirt diameter (standard):94.940-94.970 mm (3.7378-3.739 in)
Piston pin outer diameter:21.997-22.000 mm (0.866-0.8661 in)
Piston ring side clearance:Top0.020-0.075 mm (0.0008-0.003 in)
Second0.020-0.065 mm (0.0008-0.0026 in)
Oil0.020-0.070 mm (0.0008-0.0028 in)
Piston ring end gap:Top0.22-0.34 mm (0.0087-0.0134 in)
Second0.45-0.57 mm (0.0177-0.0224 in)
Oil0.10-0.40 mm (0.0039-0.0157 in)
Crankshaft journal diameter: №3: 59.981-59.994 mm (2.3615-2.3620 in.)
Other: 59.987-60.000 mm (2.3617-2.3622 in)
Crankpin diameter:52.989-53.002 mm (2.0862-2.0867 in)

Crankshaft bearing cap tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • Step 1: 39 Nm; 3.9 kg·m; 29 ft·lb
  • Step 2: Turn all bolts 90°

After securing bearing cap bolts, make sure crankshaft turns smoothly by hand.

Connecting rod bearing bolts

  • Step 1: 22 Nm 2.5 kg·m; 18 ft·lb)
  • Step 2: Turn bolts 90°

Cylinder head

The cylinder head is made of aluminum alloy which gives it good cooling efficiency. The engine has dual overhead camshaft design with four valves per cylinder. The camshafts are hollow and driven by a roller chain, which is lubricated by an oil jet.

The 2TR-FE engine has four valves per cylinder – two intakes and two exhaust. The valves are actuated by roller rocker arms which has built-in needle bearings to reduce friction between the cams and roller rocker arms. The engine is equipped with the hydraulic lash adjusters with are maintained constant zero valve clearance.

The 2TR-FE used Variable Valve Timing with intelligence system (VVT-i) on the intake camshaft. The 2TR-FE received updates in 2015 to feature Dual VVT-i for both intake and exhaust sides.

Cylinder head
Valve Arrangement:DOHC, chain drive
Valves:16 (4 valves per cylinder)
Valve head diameter:INTAKE
Valve length:INTAKE106.26 mm (4.1835 in)
EXHAUST106.74 mm (4.2024 in)
Valve stem diameter:INTAKE5.470-5.485 mm (0.2154-0.2159 in)
EXHAUST5.465-5.480 mm (0.2152-0.2157 in)
Valve spring free length:48.53 mm (1.9106 in)
Camshaft cam height:INTAKE42.855-42.955 mm (1.6872-1.6911 in)
EXHAUST42.854-42.954 mm (1.6872-1.6911 in)
Outer camshaft journal diameter:№135.949-35.965 mm (1.4153-1.4159 in)
Other journals diameter26.959-26.975 mm (1.0614-1.062 in)

Head tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • Step 1: 39 Nm; 39.8 kg·m; 29 ft·lb
  • Step 2: Turn all bolts 90°
  • Step 3: Turn all bolts another 90°

Maintenance data

Compression pressure
Standard12.5 kg/m2 / 200 rpm
Minimun9.0 kg/m2 / 200 rpm
Compression differential limit between cylinders0.7 kg/m2 / 200 rpm
Oil system
Oil consumption , L/1000 km (qt. per miles)up to 0.5 (1 qt. per 1200 miles)
Recommended engine oil5W-30, 10W-30
Oil type APISM
Engine oil capacity (Refill capacity)~ 5.8 L
Oil change interval, km (miles)5,000-10,000 (3,000-6,000)
Oil pressure Idle spped: 29 kPa (0.3 kg/cm3; 4.2 psi)
At 3,000 rpm: 160-490 kPa (1.6-5.3 kg/cm3; 23-75 psi)
Spark plugDENSO: SK20HR11, NGK: ILFR6C11
Spark plug gap1.0-1.1 mm (0.0394-0.0433 in)
Spark plug torque18 N·m (1.8 kg·m, 13.3 ft·lb)

Vehicle applications

ModelYears Produced
Toyota Hilux Surf
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado
Toyota Fortuner
Toyota Tacoma
Toyota Hiace
Toyota Coaster
Toyota Innova
Toyota Hilux
Toyota 4Runner
Author: Sergei Wers
About: Co-founder and CEO of a multi-brand auto repair shop (engine repair, chassis repair, body repair and painting) for over 15 years. I have been developing internet sites with technical specifications for more than seven years.

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We try to use verified sources and official documentation, however, differences between sources or errors in entering information may occur. We do not provide advice on technical issues related to the engines operation or repair. We do not recommend using provided information for engines repairing engines or spare parts ordering, use only official service manuals and spare-parts catalogs.


  1. Wonderful technical details! very informative and eye-opening to vehicle owner

    Where can i buy 2TR for my Toyota Prado 120

  2. Hi jemal. I have visited many websites and all had the torque specs at 49Nm. U justgave me a huge fright, because i am about to assemble my engine. Never done the job before, i am depending on this info. So please, are you absolutely sure????

    • From service repair manual for Toyota Tacoma 2000-2008 – Step 1: 39 Nm, 398 kgf*cm, 29 ft.*lbf. Jamal was absolutely right, I fixed my mistake.

  3. I am seeing conflicting info on oil capacity for the 2TR-FE 2.7L4 cylinder in my 2020 Tacoma.

    Is is 6.2qts or 5.5qts?

    • Official capacity is 6.2 quarts but I believe that is dry fill (new or rebuilt engine) which means about 1/2 quart remains inside engine during oil changes. My experience says 5.5 quarts to full mark on oil & filter change.
      Is 2TR-FE an interference engine?

  4. Hi
    Is there a popular problem in the 2tr vvti 2.7 engines cases a fuel injectors disorder?
    A fuel leakage problem happened with me twice in two different sets of injectors.

  5. Hi
    Is there a popular problem in the 2tr vvti 2.7 engines cases a fuel injectors disorder?
    A fuel leakage problem happened with me twice in two different sets of injectors.
    And this problem causes a delay on starting the engine , and backfired sound ( sometimes) .

  6. can anybody tell me if i have to remove the timing case for hidn’t bolts or studs before i can remove the head on a 2TR-FE

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