Toyota 5L

Toyota 5LThe Toyota 5L is a 3.0 L (2,986 cc, 182.22 cu·in) four cylinders, four-stroke cycle water-cooled naturally aspirated internal combustion diesel engine, manufactured by the Toyota Motor Corporation.

The Toyota 5L diesel engine has a 99.5 mm (3.92 in) cylinder bore and 96.0 mm (3.78 in) piston stroke. Compression ratio rating is 22.2:1.

The motor has a cast iron cylinder head with a single overhead camshaft (SOHC) with two valves per cylinder and indirect injection.

The 5L engine produced from 91 PS (67 kW; 90 HP) at 4,000 rpm of horsepower and 191 Nm (19.5 kg·m; 141 ft·lb) at 2,400 rpm of torque.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • 5 – 5th generation engine
  • L – Engine family

General information

Engine Specifications
Engine code5L
LayoutStraight-4, vertical
Fuel typeDiesel
Displacement3.0 L, 2,986 cm3 (182.20 cu in)
Injection pumpMechanical
Power adderNone
Horsepower net91 PS (67 kW; 90 HP) at 4,000 rpm
Torque output191 Nm (19.5 kg·m; 141 ft·lb) at 2,400 rpm
Firing (injection) order1-3-4-2
Dimensions (L x H x W):

Cylinder block

The cylinder block is made of cast iron. The crankshaft is supported by five bearings on the inside of the crankcase. The crankshaft bearings are made of aluminum alloy.

The cylinder bore is 99.5 mm (3.92 in), piston stroke is 96.0 mm (3.78 in) and compression ratio rating is 22.2:1.

Cylinder block
Cylinder block alloyCast iron
Compression ratio:22.2:1
Cylinder bore:96.0 mm (3.78 in)
Piston stroke:99.5 mm (3.92 in))
Number of piston rings (compression / oil):2 / 1
Number of main bearings:5
Cylinder bore inner diameter:99.500-99.510 mm (3.9173-3.9177 in)
Piston skirt diameter99.450-99.460 mm (3.9153-3.9157 in)
Piston ring groove clearance:First0.057-0.101 mm (0.0022-0.004 in)
Second0.060-0.100 mm (0.0024-0.0039 in)
Oil0.030-0.070 mm (0.0012-0.0028 in)
Piston ring end gap:First0.350-0.590 mm (0.0138-0.0232 in)
Second0.470-0.720 mm (0.0185-0.0283 in)
Oil0.200-0.520 mm (0.0079-0.0205 in)
Piston pin outer diameter29.000-29.012 mm (1.1417-1.1422 in)
Connecting rod small end diameter (standard)29.008-29.020 mm (1.142-1.1425 in)
Crankshaft main journal diameter:61.985-62.000 mm (2.4403-2.4409 in)
Crankpin diameter:54.988-55.000 mm (2.1649-2.1654 in)

Main bearing cap tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • 105 Nm; 10.5 kg·m; 77 ft·lb

After securing bearing cap bolts, make sure crankshaft turns smoothly by hand.

Connecting rod bearing nut

  • Step 1: 54 Nm; 5.5 kg·m; 40 ft·lb
  • Step 2: Turn all bolts 90°

Cylinder head

Cylinder head
Cylinder head alloyCast iron
Valve Arrangement:SOHC
Valves:8 (2 valves per cylinder)
Intake valves diameter:
Exhaust valves diameter:
Intake valves length:104.10-104.50 mm (4.0984-4.1142 in)
Exhaust valves length:103.95-104.35 mm (4.0925-4.1083 in)
Intake valve stem diameter:7.975-7.990 mm (0.314-0.3146 in
Exhaust valves stem diameter:7.960-7.975 mm (0.3134-0.314 in)
Camshaft journal diameter: 1st: 34.969-34.985 mm (1.3767-1.3774 in)
Others: 27.969-27.985 mm (1.1011-1.1018 in)
Camshaft lobe height (intake):54.890-54.910 mm (2.161-2.1618 in)
Camshaft lobe height (exhaust):54.990-55.010 mm (2.165-2.1657 in)

Head tightening procedure and torque specs:

  • Step 1: 78 Nm; 8.0 kg·m; 58 ft·lb
  • Step 2: Turn all bolts 90°
  • Step 3: Turn all bolts 90°

Camshaft bearing cap

  • 25 Nm; 2.5 kg·m; 18 ft·lb

Maintenance data

Valve clearance (Cold)
Intake valve0.20-0.30 mm (0.0079-0.0118 in)
Exhaust valve0.40-0.50 mm (0.0157-0.0197 in)
Compression pressure
Standard32.0 kg/m2 / 250 rpm
Minimun20.0 kg/m2 / 250 rpm
Compression differential limit between cylinders5.0 kg/m2 / 250 rpm
Oil system
Recommended engine oil10W-30 or 10W-40 (CF, CE or CD)
Engine oil capacity With oil filter change: 5.8-6.7 l (6.1-7.1 US qts, 5.1-5.9 Imp.qts)
Without oil filter change: 4.8-5.7 l (5.1-6.0 US qts, 4.2-5.0 Imp.qts),
depending on vehicle model

Vehicle applications

ModelYears Produced
Toyota Hilux
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado (J90)
Toyota HiAce
Toyota Dyna
Author: Sergei Wers
About: Co-founder and CEO of a multi-brand auto repair shop (engine repair, chassis repair, body repair and painting) for over 15 years. I have been developing internet sites with technical specifications for more than seven years.

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  1. Hello muy dejar,i just to see engine forma hilux 5Lengine .i beed only one is beter,so haw muchos.this’s my number+240 222636316 watsap you can mak me signal.

  2. What is the specification (number) of the front diff for Toyota Dyna, 2003 model, 5L engine? It got damaged and I want to change it. Or what should I do to repair the front diff?

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