The Toyota 5L is a 3.0 L (2,986 cc, 182.22 cu·in) four cylinders, four-stroke cycle water-cooled naturally aspirated internal combustion diesel engine, manufactured by the Toyota Motor Corporation.
The Toyota 5L diesel engine has a 99.5 mm (3.92 in) cylinder bore and 96.0 mm (3.78 in) piston stroke. Compression ratio rating is 22.2:1.
The motor has a cast iron cylinder head with a single overhead camshaft (SOHC) with two valves per cylinder and indirect injection.
The 5L engine produced from 91 PS (67 kW; 90 HP) at 4,000 rpm of horsepower and 191 Nm (19.5 kg·m; 141 ft·lb) at 2,400 rpm of torque.
The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:
- 5 – 5th generation engine
- L – Engine family
|Displacement||3.0 L, 2,986 cm3 (182.20 cu in)|
|Horsepower net||91 PS (67 kW; 90 HP) at 4,000 rpm|
|Torque output||191 Nm (19.5 kg·m; 141 ft·lb) at 2,400 rpm|
|Firing (injection) order||1-3-4-2|
|Dimensions (L x H x W):||–|
The cylinder block is made of cast iron. The crankshaft is supported by five bearings on the inside of the crankcase. The crankshaft bearings are made of aluminum alloy.
The cylinder bore is 99.5 mm (3.92 in), piston stroke is 96.0 mm (3.78 in) and compression ratio rating is 22.2:1.
|Cylinder block alloy||Cast iron|
|Cylinder bore:||96.0 mm (3.78 in)|
|Piston stroke:||99.5 mm (3.92 in))|
|Number of piston rings (compression / oil):||2 / 1|
|Number of main bearings:||5|
|Cylinder bore inner diameter:||99.500-99.510 mm (3.9173-3.9177 in)|
|Piston skirt diameter||99.450-99.460 mm (3.9153-3.9157 in)|
|Piston ring groove clearance:||First||0.057-0.101 mm (0.0022-0.004 in)|
|Second||0.060-0.100 mm (0.0024-0.0039 in)|
|Oil||0.030-0.070 mm (0.0012-0.0028 in)|
|Piston ring end gap:||First||0.350-0.590 mm (0.0138-0.0232 in)|
|Second||0.470-0.720 mm (0.0185-0.0283 in)|
|Oil||0.200-0.520 mm (0.0079-0.0205 in)|
|Piston pin outer diameter||29.000-29.012 mm (1.1417-1.1422 in)|
|Connecting rod small end diameter (standard)||29.008-29.020 mm (1.142-1.1425 in)|
|Crankshaft main journal diameter:||61.985-62.000 mm (2.4403-2.4409 in)|
|Crankpin diameter:||54.988-55.000 mm (2.1649-2.1654 in)|
Main bearing cap tightening procedure and torque specs:
- 105 Nm; 10.5 kg·m; 77 ft·lb
After securing bearing cap bolts, make sure crankshaft turns smoothly by hand.
Connecting rod bearing nut
- Step 1: 54 Nm; 5.5 kg·m; 40 ft·lb
- Step 2: Turn all bolts 90°
|Cylinder head alloy||Cast iron|
|Valves:||8 (2 valves per cylinder)|
|Intake valves diameter:||–|
|Exhaust valves diameter:||–|
|Intake valves length:||104.10-104.50 mm (4.0984-4.1142 in)|
|Exhaust valves length:||103.95-104.35 mm (4.0925-4.1083 in)|
|Intake valve stem diameter:||7.975-7.990 mm (0.314-0.3146 in|
|Exhaust valves stem diameter:||7.960-7.975 mm (0.3134-0.314 in)|
|Camshaft journal diameter:||
1st: 34.969-34.985 mm (1.3767-1.3774 in)
Others: 27.969-27.985 mm (1.1011-1.1018 in)
|Camshaft lobe height (intake):||54.890-54.910 mm (2.161-2.1618 in)|
|Camshaft lobe height (exhaust):||54.990-55.010 mm (2.165-2.1657 in)|
Head tightening procedure and torque specs:
- Step 1: 78 Nm; 8.0 kg·m; 58 ft·lb
- Step 2: Turn all bolts 90°
- Step 3: Turn all bolts 90°
Camshaft bearing cap
- 25 Nm; 2.5 kg·m; 18 ft·lb
|Valve clearance (Cold)|
|Intake valve||0.20-0.30 mm (0.0079-0.0118 in)|
|Exhaust valve||0.40-0.50 mm (0.0157-0.0197 in)|
|Standard||32.0 kg/m2 / 250 rpm|
|Minimun||20.0 kg/m2 / 250 rpm|
|Compression differential limit between cylinders||5.0 kg/m2 / 250 rpm|
|Recommended engine oil||10W-30 or 10W-40 (CF, CE or CD)|
|Engine oil capacity||
With oil filter change: 5.8-6.7 l (6.1-7.1 US qts, 5.1-5.9 Imp.qts)
Without oil filter change: 4.8-5.7 l (5.1-6.0 US qts, 4.2-5.0 Imp.qts),
depending on vehicle model
|Toyota Land Cruiser Prado (J90)||–|
We try to use verified sources and official documentation, however, differences between sources or errors in entering information may occur. We do not provide advice on technical issues related to the engines operation or repair. We do not recommend using provided information for engines repairing engines or spare parts ordering, use only official service manuals and spare-parts catalogs.
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