Honda GXV660

Honda GXV660 vertical shaft engineThe Honda GXV660 is a 688 cc (41.97 cu-in) 90° V-twin cylinder air-cooled four-stroke internal combustion small gasoline engine with vertical shaft manufactured by Honda Motor Company for general-purpose applications, such as riding mowers and lawn tractors, construction equipment and other professional heavy-duty applications.

The Honda GXV660/660R engine has an OHV (overhead valve) design with 90° V-twin cylinders; horizontal type, two-barrel inner-vent carburetor with butterfly valve; digital C.D.I.(Capacitor Discharge Ignition) ignition system with variable timing, a mechanical centrifugal governor and electric starter.

The GXV660 motor uses a hemispherical combustion chamber design. It offers a higher 9.3:1 compression ratio, higher power output and greater displacement in a more compact design. The cylinder bore is 78.0 mm (3.07 in) and the piston stroke is 72.0 mm (2.83 in). The GXV660 / 660R engine produces 21.8 PS (16.0 kW; 21.5 HP) of maximum horsepower at 3,600 rpm; 17.0 PS (12.5 kW; 16.8 HP) of continuous rated power at 3,600 rpm., and 48.3 N·m (4.93 kg·m, 35.6 ft·lb) of torque at 2,500 rpm.

General information

Engine Specifications
ModelGXV660 / GX660R
Type4-stroke, OHV, 90° V-twin
Displacement688 cm 3 (41.97 cu-in)
Max. horsepower21.8 PS (16.0 kW; 21.5 HP) at 3,600 rpm
Max. torque (crank PTO)48.3 N·m (4.93 kg·m, 35.6 ft·lb) at 2,500 rpm
CarburetorHorizontal type, two barrel, inner-vent, butterfly valve
Cooling systemForced-air
Ignition systemDigital C.D.I. with variable timing
Lubricating systemForced feed
Starting systemElectric starter
Stoping systemIgnition primary circuit open
Fuel usedUnleaded gasoline (octane number 86 or higher)
Fuel consumption5.3 L (1.40 US gal, 1.17 Imp gal) / h
PTO shaft rotationCounterclockwise (from PTO shaft side)

Dimensions and Weight

Length, mm (in)449 (17.7)
Width, mm (in)420 (16.5)
Height, mm (in)475 (18.7)
Dry weight, kg (lb)46.5 (102.5)

Cylinder Block and Head

The Honda GXV660 / 660R engine uses integrated cylinder and head, cast iron sleeve, a hemispherical combustion chamber, aluminum push rods with steel tips, racing inspired forged steel connecting rods and forged steel crankshaft with pressure fed crankshaft bearings,

Cylinder block
Compression ratio:9.3:1
Bore x Stroke78 X 72 mm (3.07 x 2.83 in)
Sleeve internal diameter78.000-78.015 mm (3.0709-3.0715 in)
Piston skirt outer diameter77.985-77.995 mm (3.0703-3.0707 in)
Ring side clearanceTop/Second0.050-0.080 mm (0.0020-0.0031 in)
Ring end gapTop/Second0.20-0.35 mm (0.008-0.0138 in)
Oil (side rail0.20-0.70 mm (0.008-0.028 in)
Ring widthTop/Second1.140-1.155 mm (0.0449-0.0455 in)
Connecting rod small end ID18.006-18.018 mm (0.7089-0.7094 in)
Piston pin outer diameter17.994-18.000 mm (0.7084-0.7087 in)
Crankpin diameter44.973-44.983 mm (1.7706-1.7710 in)
Crankshaft journal diameter39.984-40.000 mm (1.5742-1.5748 in)
Cylinder Head
Warpage (limit)0.10 mm (0.004 in)
Valve Arrangement:OHV
Valves:4 (2 per cylinder)
Stem outer diameter (standard):INTAKE5.475-5.490 mm (0.2156-0.2161 in)
EXHAUST5.435-5.450 mm (0.2140-0.2146 in)
Valve spring free length:38.3 mm (1.51 in)
Valve lifter internal diameter:6.010-6.040 mm (0.2366-0.2378 in)
Valve lifter shaft outer diameter:5.970-6.000 mm (0.2350-0.2362 in)
Camshaft journal diameter:16.982-17.000 mm (0.6686-0.6693 in)
Cam height:INTAKE29.506-29.706 mm (1.1617-1.1695 in)
EXHAUST29.410-29.610 mm (1.1579-1.1657 in)

Tightening torque specs

Tightening torque specs
Connecting rod bolt22 Nm; 2.2 kg·m; 16 ft·lb
Cylinder nut37 Nm; 3.8 kg·m; 27 ft·lb
Oil drain plug bolt45 Nm; 4.5 kg·m; 33 ft·lb
Flywheel nut235 Nm; 24.0 kg·m; 173 ft·lb
Oil filter cartridge12 Nm; 1.2 kg·m; 9 ft·lb
Tappet adjusting nut7.5 Nm; 0.75 kg·m; 5.5 ft·lb
Governor arm nut11 Nm; 1.1 kg·m; 8 ft·lb
Fuel pump cover screw4 Nm; 0.4 kg·m; 3 ft·lb
Oil pressure switch9 Nm; 0.9 kg·m; 6.6 ft·lb

Service Information

Maximum speed3,400 ± 150 rpm
Idle speed1,400 ± 150 rpm
Cylinder compression5.0-7.0 kg/cm2 (73-102 psi) at 500 rpm
Valve clearance
Intake valve clearance0.08±0.02 mm
Exhaust valve clearance0.10±0.02 mm
Oil system
Oil typeHonda 4-stroke or an equivalent (SE or later)
Recommended oilSAE 10W-30
Oil capacity Without oil filter: 1.7 Liters (1.80 US qt, 1.50 Imp qt)
With oil filter: 1.9 Liters (2.01 US qt, 1.67 Imp qt)
Oil change intervalEvery 6 month or 100 Hrs.
Main jet Cylinder №1: #110
Cylinder №2: #115
Float height15.5 mm (0.61 in)
Pilot screw opening Cylinder №1: 2 turns out
Cylinder №2: 2-1/8 turns out
Ignition system
Ignition timing9°-23° B.T.D.C.
Spark plugNGK: ZFR5F
Spark plug gap0.7-0.8 mm (0.028-0.031 in)
Ignition coil air gap0.4 ± 0.2 (0.016 ± 0.008)
Author: Sergei Wers
About: Co-founder and CEO of a multi-brand auto repair shop (engine repair, chassis repair, body repair and painting) for over 15 years. I have been developing internet sites with technical specifications for more than seven years.

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